# Ch 19: ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter are designed to help you prepare for functions questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Math certification test used in Oregon. You'll review the basics of what a function is as well as how to find the inverse and compose functions. Some of the specific topics include:

- Overview of functions
- Shifting graphs on a plane
- How to perform operations with functions
- Domain and range
- Composing functions
- Inverse functions
- Linear and nonlinear

This chapter includes multiple videos taught by experienced instructors who walk you through the steps for solving function-related math problems. They use graphics and real-world examples to help present concepts in a fun way. Multiple-choice quizzes and a chapter exam are also available to help you test your knowledge.

### ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions Objectives

The state of Oregon uses this licensure exam to measure the skills of those seeking an endorsement for teaching basic math to middle school students. This computer-based test is four hours and fifteen minutes long and includes 150 multiple-choice questions. Questions on this exam are pulled from four main content areas; the topics covered in this Properties of Functions chapter may be covered within the algebra and functions content area. Algebra and functions-related questions make up about 33% of the test questions. You can use the lessons and quizzes in this chapter to prepare for questions related to adding, subtracting and performing other operations with functions.

### 1. What is a Function: Basics and Key Terms

Mapping numbers sounds complex, but we do it when we buy gasoline. We pump gasoline, and the gas station charges us based on the amount of gas that we pump. Learn how this relates to functions while reviewing the basics and notations in this lesson.

### 2. Transformations: How to Shift Graphs on a Plane

What is a transformation? Well, it's something that transforms one function into another! To see what I mean and how that looks, check out this lesson!

### 3. How to Add, Subtract, Multiply and Divide Functions

Adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing functions is about as simple as substituting in expressions and then just doing whichever operation it asks you to do. Check out this video lesson to see some examples of this and learn just how easy it is!

### 4. What Is Domain and Range in a Function?

The domain and range are the possible outputs and inputs of a function. In this lesson, learn about what might restrict the domain and how to figure out the domain and range from a graph.

### 5. How to Compose Functions

Function composition is the process of putting two or more functions together. This video lesson will explain how this process works and also show you how to evaluate functions that have been composed.

### 6. Inverse Functions

Inverse functions are two functions that do exactly opposite things. Check out this lesson to learn about how to write inverse functions, find inverse functions, and predict whether or not they exist.

### 7. Applying Function Operations Practice Problems

In this lesson, learn how to apply all the different properties of functions to solve complex problems. From function operations and composition to domain and range, get your practice here!

### 8. Linear and Nonlinear Functions

After watching this video lesson, you'll be able to tell the differences between linear and nonlinear functions. You'll also be able to identify both types just by looking at graphs.

### Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

### Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Measurements
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Angles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards