# Ch 11: ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers - Chapter Summary

Through this chapter, you'll be able to see examples and review the steps for solving problems that include rational numbers. The lessons will prepare you to answer ORELA Middle Grades Math exam questions about the following:

- Overview of rational numbers
- Ordering rational numbers
- Graphing rational numbers
- Determining absolute value
- Solving addition and subtraction programs with rational numbers
- Steps to multiply and divide rational numbers
- Notations

These lessons not only include engaging videos, but they include print transcripts that highlight key vocabulary terms and formulas. There are also self-assessment quizzes that can help you decide if review is needed.

### ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Math test includes questions from four main content areas: number sense and operations; algebra and functions; measurement and geometry; and statistics, probability and discrete mathematics. The topics included in this Rational Numbers chapter can be found within the number sense and operations content area, which makes up 17% of the test's 150 questions. The exam is computer based, and all questions are multiple choice. The exam questions will be similar to those you can find in the practice quizzes in this chapter, and the questions may ask you to solve a variety of problems that involve fractions, the number line and place value.

### 1. What are Rational Numbers? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will learn about rational numbers and their characteristics. We'll discover what they are, what they aren't and how to distinguish them from other types of numbers.

### 2. Comparing & Ordering Rational Numbers

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to look at any rational number and compare it with any other rational number. Learn what you need to do so that you know which number is greater or lesser than another.

### 3. Graphing Rational Numbers on a Number Line

Number lines have many uses both in mathematics and everyday life. This lesson will teach you how to graph numbers on a number line and give real-world examples of how to use number lines.

### 4. Finding the Absolute Value of a Rational Number

Watch this video lesson and you will learn how to deal with absolute values of simple numbers and more complex problems. Learn the order in which you should do calculations so that your answers are correct.

### 5. Adding & Subtracting Rational Numbers

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to add and subtract rational numbers like a pro. Learn what is involved in adding and subtracting these types of numbers.

### 6. Multiplying & Dividing Rational Numbers

After watching this video lesson, you will know how to multiply and divide rational numbers. You will know when you need to flip your number and when you don't.

### 7. Notation for Rational Numbers, Fractions & Decimals

How do fractions become decimals? And how do decimals become fractions? In this lesson, we'll learn about the notation of rational numbers, fractions and decimals and learn how they're related.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Measurements
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Angles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards