# Ch 6: ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions - Chapter Summary

Receive a comprehensive review on finding, simplifying, and using roots as well as working with radical expressions in many forms in these videos. Our expert instructors will walk you through each topic with entertaining graphics and useful real-life examples to ensure the easy recall of key points. Among the topics covered in this chapter are lessons on:

- Finding, estimating, and simplifying square roots
- Identifying radicands and radical expressions
- Factoring radical expressions
- Simplifying square roots of powers and quotients
- Multiplying and dividing radical expressions
- Rationalizing denominators and solving radical equations
- Working with cube roots

Each video comes with a lesson transcript that has key terms set in bold type for easy review. Take the lesson quizzes and chapter exam to test your skills and gain valuable practice in answering the types of questions you will find on the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics exam. The videos are each under 10 minutes long, and you can skip to specific topics within each video using the nifty video tags, making it easy to fit small chunks of study into your busy schedule.

### ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions Chapter Objectives

Whether you have good memories or bad of first learning to solve roots and radicals, these lessons will get you painlessly through your math review in preparation for the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics exam. You will receive ample practice in answering the 150 multiple-choice questions related to these topics, which generally fall in the Number Sense and Operations content domain (17% of test content), but are certain to be found in questions throughout the exam. Keep track of how long it takes you to complete the self-assessments to see how well you are faring in meeting the goal of completing the entire test in the four hours and 15 minutes provided.

In order to pass the test and receive your Middle Grades Math subject matter endorsement, you will have to get a scaled score of 225 or higher out of a possible 100-300 points. Your score will be provided you immediately after the exam, but the two score reports you will receive will take about two weeks to get to you.

### 1. How to Find the Square Root of a Number

What is a square root? In this lesson, we'll learn what a square root is and how to find it. We'll review a variety of examples in order to master the concept.

### 2. Estimating Square Roots

Inverse operations are mathematical operations that undo each other. The square root is the inverse of the squared (or multiplying a number by itself) operation. There is an easy method for estimating the square root of a number, which you will learn in this lesson.

### 3. Simplifying Square Roots When not a Perfect Square

Numbers that are imperfect squares are those that, when evaluated, do not give solutions that are integers. The proper mathematical way to simplify these imperfect squares is discussed in this lesson.

### 4. Simplifying Expressions Containing Square Roots

In order to write radical expressions correctly, they have to be written in their simplest form. This lesson will show you how to simplify expressions containing numbers and variables inside a square root.

### 5. Radicands and Radical Expressions

It's easy to see that funky radical symbol and panic just a little bit. There are so many rules that go along with it, it's hard to keep up with them all. This lesson will help by describing what you should do when you are faced with a square root.

### 6. Evaluating Square Roots of Perfect Squares

Squares and square roots are inverse, or opposite, operations involving radicals. Learn how to determine the square root of perfect squares in this lesson.

### 7. Factoring Radical Expressions

Watch this video lesson to learn how to apply the product rule to your radical expressions. Learn how this product rule actually helps you to simplify your radicals as well.

### 8. Simplifying Square Roots of Powers in Radical Expressions

Simplifying radical expressions that contain powers can be tricky. There are a few simple rules that will help you perform these simplifications with ease. This lesson will teach you how.

### 9. Multiplying then Simplifying Radical Expressions

Multiplying 2 or more radical expressions uses the same principles as multiplying polynomials, with a few extra rules for dealing with the radicals. This lesson will teach you how to multiply and then simplify radical expressions.

### 10. Dividing Radical Expressions

When dividing radical expressions, we use the quotient rule. This lesson will describe the quotient rule and how to use it to solve these radical expressions.

### 11. Simplify Square Roots of Quotients

The quotient rule can be used to simplify square roots of quotients. This lesson will define the quotient rule and show you how it is used to simplify square roots.

### 12. Rationalizing Denominators in Radical Expressions

Radical expressions containing denominators are not simplified completely unless the denominator is free of radical symbols. This lesson will teach you how to remove a radical from the denominator of a fraction through a process called rationalizing the denominator.

### 13. Addition and Subtraction Using Radical Notation

There are specific rules governing adding and subtracting radical expressions. This lesson will describe these rules and give examples of how they are used.

### 14. Multiplying Radical Expressions with Two or More Terms

Multiplying radical expressions with more than two terms can be confusing. This lesson will take some of the confusion away by giving clear steps for multiplying these expressions. It will also provide some examples to help solidify the steps.

### 15. Solving Radical Equations: Steps and Examples

Solving radical equations is not any more difficult than solving other algebraic equations. This lesson will show you how to solve equations containing a square root and give some real-world examples.

### 16. Solving Radical Equations with Two Radical Terms

Solving equations with two radical terms takes some patience and care, but it really is not difficult. This lesson will show you the steps to solve these more complicated equations plus give you some examples to follow.

### 17. Cube Root: Definition, Formula & Examples

In this lesson, we're going to discover the world of cube roots! By the time we're done, you should be able to define what a cube root is, explain how to solve for the cube root of a number, and be familiar with several common cube roots.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Measurements
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Angles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards