About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Organ Function and Health Test Results chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Glucose levels in blood and urine;|
Types of urine tests;
Crystals in urine
|Normal range of glucose levels and causes of deviation;|
pH tests, ketone test, tests for protein and white blood cells, causes of abnormal results;
Types of crystals and what their presence can mean
|Tuesday|| Electrolytes in urine;|
Urine specific gravity;
Kidney function test values
|Causes of changes in the amount of electrolytes;|
Definition, normal ranges, reasons for altered values;
Definition of BUN and creatinine, normal levels
|Wednesday|| Bilirubin and urobilinogin;|
Amylase and pancreatic lipase
|Definition of bilirubin and urobilinogin, signs of abnormal levels;|
Albumin, AST, AFT, ALP, causes of changes;
Amylase and lipase, normal levels and causes of deviations
|Thursday||Arterial blood gas and acid base balance;|
Measuring blood oxygen levels;
Pulmonary function tests
|Causes of abnormal blood gas and acid base balance readings;|
How blood oxygen levels are determined, what is normal;
Common tests of lung function
|Friday|| Cardiac enzymes;|
|Cardiac markers and what they can tell about a patient's condition;|
Brain function tests and the Glasgow coma scale
1. Glucose Levels in the Blood and Urine
This lesson will discuss hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and glucosuria as well as the major causes for each one of these test results. This means we'll touch base upon endocrine diseases, such as Cushing's and diabetes mellitus.
2. Urine Test Types: pH, Ketones, Proteins, and Cells
This lesson will discuss the major findings resulting from the measurement of urine pH, ketones, proteins, white blood cells, and red blood cells. Including how diet and disease influence these values.
3. Crystals in Urine: Meaning and Causes
This lesson will go over some of the major types of crystals that can be found in urine, what they look like, and why they may occur. Find out as we take a look at uric acid, struvite, cystine, sulfur, and calcium oxalate crystals.
4. Electrolytes in Urine: Normal Lab Values and Causes of Change
This lesson will discuss four major electrolytes that are found in your blood. But we'll be discussing the significance of finding more or less than normal amounts of them in your urine.
5. Urine Specific Gravity: Normal Range, Fluctuations, and Causes
This lesson will discuss a test known as urine specific gravity. You'll learn the normal values of urine specific gravity as well as the major causes of its abnormal elevation or decrease.
6. Kidney Function Test Values: BUN and Creatinine
This lesson will discuss two important measurements related to kidney function, called BUN and creatinine. We'll discuss when they may be increased or decreased and why.
7. Bilirubin & Urobilinogen: Definition & Symptoms
This lesson will discuss an important yellow colored pigment known as bilirubin, where it comes from, and how it plays an important role in helping to diagnose disease.
8. Important Liver Values: Albumin, ALT, ALP & AST
This lesson will discuss three important enzymes that indicate liver or biliary tree issues. They are ALT, ALP, and AST. We'll talk about some of the reasons why they may be elevated.
9. Amylase and Pancreatic Lipase: Causes & Associated Conditions
This lesson will focus in on two important enzymes produced by the pancreas known as amylase and lipase. We'll discuss what their elevations during blood tests may indicate.
10. Arterial Blood Gas and Acid Base Balance: Tests and Interpretation
This lesson will discuss what the arterial blood gas test is and how it is used to interpret acid/base balance in your body. You'll learn about partial pressures, hypercapnia, acidemia, and alkalosis.
11. Measuring Blood Oxygen Levels
This lesson will discuss three important values relating oxygen information in our blood. These values are the partial pressure of oxygen, oxygen saturation, and oxygen content of blood.
12. What Are Pulmonary Function Tests?
Pulmonary function tests are used to measure air movement into and out of the lungs. Spirometry is the most common way to measure airflow. This lesson will describe the use of spirometry to measure lung volumes and flow rates as well as how breathing disorders are diagnosed.
13. The Importance of Cardiac Enzymes
This lesson discusses the importance of two markers of heart disease that can be measured via the blood. They are creatine kinase and troponin, and we'll discuss what may cause their levels in the blood to increase.
14. Neurological Tests of Major Importance
This lesson will talk about how altered states of consciousness are assessed in individuals with serious brain trauma. We will also discuss two signs that may indicate meningitis in a patient.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Pathophysiology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Pathophysiology Basics Lesson Plans
- Aberrant Immune System Lesson Plans
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia Lesson Plans
- Skin Related Pathology Lesson Plans
- Nervous System Injury Lesson Plans
- Major Nervous System Disorders Lesson Plans
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects Lesson Plans
- Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities Lesson Plans
- Respiratory System Pathologies Lesson Plans
- Important Renal Anatomy Lesson Plans
- Urinary System Diseases Lesson Plans
- Gastrointestinal System Conditions Lesson Plans
- Metabolic Derangements Lesson Plans
- Anemia Lesson Plans
- Hematological Maladies Lesson Plans
- Blood Cancers Lesson Plans
- Musculoskeletal System Alternations Lesson Plans
- Reproductive System Disorders Lesson Plans
- Electrolytes, Cells & Blood Proteins Test Results Lesson Plans