About This Chapter
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Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school chemistry material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn chemistry. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in their understanding of organic molecules and organic chemistry
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about basic organic chemistry
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Organic Chemistry Basics chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know; review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in the basic organic chemistry unit of a standard high school chemistry course. Topics covered include:
- Carbon compounds
- Functional groups of organic molecules
- The four groups of proteins
- Types of organic reactions
1. Organic Chemistry & the Study of Carbon Compound Life Forms
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-containing compounds. This lesson will explore why carbon is such an important element, and how organic chemistry is related to your life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
3. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
4. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
5. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
6. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
7. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
8. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
9. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
10. Carboxyl Group: Definition & Structure
Without realizing, you may have already encountered a carboxyl group before when drawing his best friend, carboxylic acid. Learn more about the carboxyl group and its formula.
11. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
12. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
13. Acyl Group: Definition & Structure
Acyl groups are one of organic chemistry's functional groups. In this lesson we will learn what an acyl group is, examples of acyl group structures, and how they are used in the body.
14. Acyl Group vs. Alkyl Group
In this lesson you will learn the difference between an acyl group and an alkyl group, what their structures are, and what specific aspects differentiate the two.
15. Acyl Group vs. Acetyl Group
In this lesson, you will learn the similarities and differences between an acyl group and an acetyl group. We will also compare and contrast the structures of each.
16. Acyl Group vs. Carbonyl Group
There are several different types of groups in organic chemistry. In this lesson, we will learn about the acyl and carbonyl group, how they are related and how they are different.
17. Acetyl Group vs. Ketone
In this lesson, you will learn the similarities and differences between an acetyl group and a ketone. We will also compare and contrast the structures of each.
18. What is an Acetyl Group? - Definition & Structure
In this lesson, you will learn all about the acetyl group, including what it is, its specific structure, and some of the common molecules that contain it.
19. Acyl Group: Reactivity & Transfer Reactions
The purpose of this lesson will be to study a functional group of organic chemistry called an acyl group. Our primary points of discussion will include the reactivity of acyl groups and the specific kind of reaction they undergo.
20. Acyl Phosphate: Definition & Structure
What is an acyl phosphate group and how can they be made in the lab? In this lesson, we will be learning about the definition of an acyl phosphate and discussing their general structure.
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Other chapters within the High School Chemistry: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Chemistry: Help and Review
- Measurement and Problem Solving: Help and Review
- Experimental Laboratory Chemistry: Help and Review
- What Is Matter? - Help and Review
- Understanding Atomic Structure: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table of Elements: Help and Review
- The Representative Elements of the Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Nuclear Chemistry & Radioactive Decay: Help and Review
- Bonding: Help and Review
- Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids: Help and Review
- Gases in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Solutions in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations: Help and Review
- Acids, Bases, and Reactions: Help and Review
- Equilibrium in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Chemistry Kinetics: Help and Review
- Thermodynamics in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA and RNA: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA Replication: Help and Review
- Overview of Chemistry & Matter
- Intro to Scientific Measurement
- Basics of Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Building Chemical Compounds
- Mass Relationships for Molecules & Compounds
- Chemical Reactions & Quantities
- Chemical Reactions in Solutions
- Properties of Aqueous Solutions
- Energy & Thermochemistry
- Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Intro to Chemical Bonding
- Nuclear Reactions in Chemistry
- Intermolecular Forces, Liquids & Solids
- Physical Properties of Solutions
- Chemical Reactions, Rate Laws & Constants
- Principles of Chemical Equilibrium
- Acids, Bases, Water & Salts
- Solubility Equilibria
- Spontaneity of Reactions
- Electrochemistry, Voltaic Cells & Thermodynamics