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- Discuss the significance of carbon compounds.
- Name the functional groups of organic molecules.
- Define monomers and polymers.
- Describe the structures and functions of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins.
- Take a look at the structures and characteristics of the 20 amino acids.
- Describe the polymerization of amino acids.
- Discuss the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins.
- Understand different types of organic chemical reactions.
1. Organic Chemistry & the Study of Carbon Compound Life Forms
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-containing compounds. This lesson will explore why carbon is such an important element, and how organic chemistry is related to your life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
3. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
4. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
5. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
6. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
7. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
8. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
9. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
10. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
11. Addition Reaction: Definition & Example
Did you know that multiple bonds are often present during the addition reaction process? Explore this lesson to learn what an addition reaction is and why multiple bonds are present, and see examples of this reaction in action.
12. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
13. Esterification: Definition, Process & Reactions
In this lesson, we'll learn about esterification, which means we'll define necessary terms to understand esterification, explain the process that chemicals undergo to form esters, and look at examples of reactions that use esterification.
14. Aniline: Structure, Formula & Uses
Did you know that a chemical compound called aniline is necessary for the indigo color of our jeans? It is used in several other areas as well. In this lesson, we will learn all about the structure, formula, and uses of aniline.
15. Methyl Group: Structure & Formula
Although small in size, methyl groups can be found in many organic compound structures. In this lesson, learn about the methyl group in chemistry, including its unique structure and formula.
16. What is a Tautomer? - Definition, Mechanism & Example
What happens when atoms rearrange in a molecule? In this lesson, we'll learn about a process in organic chemistry known as tautomerization by studying its definition. We'll also explore the mechanism behind the process by studying a specific example.
17. Tautomerization vs. Resonance
Tautomerization and resonance are both ways that a single molecule can represent two different molecules. In this lesson, we will learn how these forms are different.
18. Arrow Pushing Mechanism in Organic Chemistry
In organic chemistry, we often need methods to follow what is happening in a reaction. Arrow pushing is one of those methods, and we will learn about it in this lesson.
19. What is the Steric Effect in Organic Chemistry? - Definition & Examples
The goal of this lesson will be to gain an understanding of what's called the steric effect in organic chemistry by studying its definition and then looking at specific molecular examples in which the effect is observed.
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