About This Chapter
Organic Chemistry & Biochemistry - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our expert instructors outline organic chemistry and biochemistry for your review. You'll study video lessons on the four types of carbon bonds, functional groups in organic molecules, organic molecules, and organic chemical reactions. Once you finish this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Detail the organic chemical reactions of esterification, fermentation and redox
- Discuss the compounds and formula associated with hydrocarbon
- Outline the major elements in biological molecules
- Describe the structure and function of carbohydrates and lipids
- Explain the structure of proteins
- Identify the function of nucleic acids
- Provide examples of synthetic organic chemicals
Our video lessons are easy to navigate using video tabs that allow you to skip to a specific section instead of watching the entire video. Along with each lesson, we've included a short quiz to test your understanding of the material presented in the video. Feel free to contact an instructor through the Dashboard with any questions that come up along the way.
1. The 4 Types of Bonds Carbon Can Form
From plant biology to human biology and organic chemistry, carbon is important to life as we know it. Unravel the chemical versatility of carbon, learning about its molecular shape and the four types of bonds it can form.
2. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
3. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
4. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
5. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
6. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds.
7. Major Elements in Biological Molecules: Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates & Lipids
Bacterial cells have complex macromolecules built from simple molecules. In this lesson, we will look at the major elements in the building blocks of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.
8. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
9. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
10. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
11. Nucleic Acids: Function & Structure
In this lesson, we will explore what nucleic acids are, including the oozing bodily fluid they were first found in, what makes them unique from other types of biological molecules, and why DNA is called the 'blueprint of life.'
12. Synthetic Organic Chemicals: Definition & Examples
The plastic container used for food storage is a classic example of a product made of synthetic organic chemicals. In this lesson, discover what synthetic organic chemicals are and take a look at some of the many examples of these chemicals.
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Other chapters within the CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide course
- Understanding the Structure of Matter
- Understanding the Properties of Matter
- Behaviors & Properties of Solutions
- Overview of Nuclear Processes
- Overview of Reactions in Chemistry
- Understanding Bonding in Chemistry
- Conservation of Matter & Stoichiometry
- Energy Conservation & Transfer
- Radiation, Radioactivity & Nuclear Energy
- Electric Power Generation
- CSET Science Subtest 2 Chemistry Flashcards