About This Chapter
Organic Chemistry Compounds & Groups - Chapter Summary
These lessons are a convenient way to review the simple organic compounds and groups found in chemistry. Our instructors explain both the rules associated with naming organic compounds and the different types of organic compounds and molecules. In addition, you can explore aromatic compounds, amino groups, amino acids and the structure of proteins. After working through these lessons, you will be able to:
- Define a reaction intermediate and discuss influences organic reactions
- Explain the methods used in the purification of organic compounds
- Detail Friedel Craft's reaction
- Identify the structure of phenol
- Discuss how functional groups affect organic molecules
- Differentiate between haloalkanes and haloarenes
- Express the chemical properties of carbohydrates
By taking the quiz accompanying each lesson, you can test your understanding before moving on to the next subject. Our learning tools are available at any time on any tablet, mobile phone or computer for easy access. If you prefer to work offline, print the written transcripts or text lessons to make easy study guides. Our instructors can provide additional assistance if you need help with any of the lesson concepts.
1. What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples
We are going to learn about some of the simple organic compounds that exist in our world. This lesson covers the types, groups and general formulas of simple organic compounds.
2. What is a Reaction Intermediate? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will be discussing the most common reactive intermediates in organic chemistry. Our topics we will be exploring will be carbanions, free radicals, and carbocations.
3. Influences on Organic Reactions: Types & Examples
The focal point of this lesson will be on how different molecular effects can influence a reaction in organic chemistry. Our specific points of discussion will include exploring inductive effects, the electromeric effect, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation.
4. Purification of Organic Compounds: Methods & Applications
The primary focal points of this lesson will be on some of the common methods and applications of purifying organic compounds, including sublimation, recrystallization, distillation, selective extraction, and chromatography.
5. Naming Organic Compounds: Rules & Practice
Have you ever wondered how compounds like pentane got their name? Discover a practical way to name organic compounds using tried and tested rules. Practice using these rules to name different organic compounds.
6. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
7. What is an Aromatic Compound? - Definition & Example
The term 'aromatic' is used by chemists for substances with distinct odors. In this lesson, we will learn all about aromatic compounds, the features of such compounds' chemical structures, and Huckel's Rule.
8. What is Phenol? - Structure & Uses
A type of carbolic acid and aromatic compound, phenol is found in numerous household products, like aspirin and detergent. Use this lesson to gain insight about phenol, understand its structure, and explore its uses.
9. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
10. Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula
The amino group is one of several nitrogen-containing functional groups found in organic molecules. We'll start with a review of the structure of ammonia and then look at the structure and formulas of different kinds of amines.
11. Haloalkanes & Haloarenes: Classification, Preparation & Properties
Haloalkanes and haloarenes contain halogens. In this lesson, we will learn what they are and some properties of them. We will also learn some methods to prepare them.
12. Chemical Properties of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates provide energy for cells to do work. This lesson will discuss what different carbohydrates are made of and what their purpose is. The chemical properties of these carbohydrates help them to be easily used by cells to perform work.
13. What Are Amino Acids? - Definition & Structure
Your body cannot function without proteins, and in order to build all these important proteins, your body needs amino acids. In this lesson, learn what amino acids are and what they look like. Then test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
14. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
15. Friedel-Crafts Reactions: Alkylation & Acylation
Benzene is extremely stable, as such it is hard to force a reaction to occur involving benzene. Friedel-Crafts reaction is a way to make a new carbon-carbon bond on a benzene ring. This can occur through alkylation or acylation.
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