About This Chapter
Organic & Inorganic Chemistry - Chapter Summary
This chapter makes it easy for you to boost your comprehension of organic and inorganic chemistry. Review lessons that examine organic molecules, proteins, hydrolysis, oxidation and more. Once you've explored these lessons, you will have the knowledge to do the following:
- Describe functional groups, monomers and polymers as related to organic molecules
- Share details about the structure, function, amino acids, polymerization and peptide bonds of proteins
- Discuss the structure and characteristics of the 20 amino acids
- Provide information about the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins
- Define redox reactions, and discuss electron carriers and cellular respiration
- Explain the process of oxidation and reduction reactions in the metabolism
- Examine hydrolysis and dehydration
All of the lessons in this chapter are available as videos and full transcripts. Access them any time, day or night, from your smartphone, computer or tablet. While reviewing the lessons, if you need additional clarification on a topic, feel free to submit your question to our experts. Test your knowledge of organic and inorganic chemistry by taking lesson quizzes and a practice chapter exam.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
4. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
5. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
6. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
7. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples
This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.
8. Redox Reactions & Electron Carriers in Cellular Respiration: Definitions and Examples
Redox reactions play an important role in cellular respiration. In this lesson, you will see how NAD and FAD are used as electron carriers to temporarily store energy during cellular respiration.
9. Oxidation & Reduction Reactions in the Metabolism: Process & Significance
Oxidation and reduction reactions, collectively known as redox reactions, take place in body cells and are important for the production of energy, namely ATP. Oxidation involves the loss of electrons and reduction involves the gain of electrons.
10. Hydrolysis and Dehydration: Definitions & Examples
Water is an important component of cellular processes. Two of these processes, dehydration and hydrolysis, help your body build large molecules from small ones and break down large ones into usable components.
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