Ch 1: Organic Molecules & Compounds: Help & Review

About This Chapter

This help and review chapter breaks down important topics related to organic molecules and compounds. These mobile-friendly lesson and quizzes are help you quickly review and retain these organic chemistry topics for upcoming exams, homework assignments, class projects and more.

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Anyone who needs help learning or mastering organic molecules and compounds material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about organic molecules and compounds. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding organic molecules and compounds, such as pyridine, butyne and propanoic acid
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning about organic chemistry (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about organic molecules and compounds
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra chemistry learning resources

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Students Will Review:

This chapter helps students review concepts in a organic molecules and compounds unit of a standard organic chemistry course. Topics covered include:

  • Sodium thiosulfate and hydrochloric acid
  • Triazine and triazole
  • Butene, butadiene and butyne
  • Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
  • Cyclohexane and cyclohezanol
  • Octanol, pentanol, propanol, butanol and naphthol
  • Penicillin and amoxicillin
  • Propanoic and propionic acid
  • Piperazine
  • Naphthalene
  • Acetophenone
  • Trinitrotoluene
  • Glyphosate herbicide
  • 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine
  • Pyridine
  • Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
  • Pentene

69 Lessons in Chapter 1: Organic Molecules & Compounds: Help & Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Sodium Thiosulfate? - Formula & Properties

1. What is Sodium Thiosulfate? - Formula & Properties

This lesson goes over a boring-sounding compound called sodium thiosulfate. But what's really cool is that this compound can be used to treat deadly cyanide poisoning. Find out how.

Sodium Thiosulfate: Preparation, Risks & Uses

2. Sodium Thiosulfate: Preparation, Risks & Uses

Sodium thiosulfate has two unique uses in medicine. To prepare it requires a three-step process. In this lesson, we will discuss how it is prepared, risks surrounding the compound and what is used for.

Sodium Thiosulfate & Hydrochloric Acid Experiment

3. Sodium Thiosulfate & Hydrochloric Acid Experiment

The 'Disappearing 'X' Experiment' is a simple way to investigate how variable manipulation can affect the rate of a chemical reaction. In this lesson, you will learn how this experiment is conducted and why it is an effective investigation into reaction rates.

What is Triazine? - Derivatives & Synthesis

4. What is Triazine? - Derivatives & Synthesis

This lesson will focus on a class of nitrogen-containing heterocycles called triazines. We will get a brief overview of their structure, followed by some important derivatives, and wrap up with methods for their synthesis.

Triazine Herbicides & Pesticides

5. Triazine Herbicides & Pesticides

How are bugs and pests kept away from crops? In this lesson we will be learning about triazine-containing herbicides and pesticides, which are important to both the industrial farmer and residential gardener.

Triazole: Synthesis, Structure & Derivatives

6. Triazole: Synthesis, Structure & Derivatives

The focus of this lesson will be on a class of organic compounds known as triazoles. The specific aspects of triazoles to be discussed include their general structure, their synthesis, and a few derivatives that are important in terms of their application.

What is Butadiene? - Structure, Properties & Formula

7. What is Butadiene? - Structure, Properties & Formula

When the rubber hits the road, you can thank butadiene. You may not know what that means yet but you'll find out on this lesson on butadiene's structure, properties and formula.

Butadiene: Uses, Polymerization & Production

8. Butadiene: Uses, Polymerization & Production

The main focal point of this lesson will be on an organic compound known as butadiene. Our primary points of discussion will include how it's made, the polymerization reactions it takes place in, and its most important industrial uses.

Butanol: Structure, Boiling Point & Density

9. Butanol: Structure, Boiling Point & Density

This lesson goes over the structure, boiling point, density as well as other properties of an alcohol called butanol. You'll also learn why it's an alcohol in the first place.

Butene: Structural Formula, Boiling Point & Isomers

10. Butene: Structural Formula, Boiling Point & Isomers

In this lesson we will learn about the isomers of butene and how they are related to each other. We will also learn how the structures affect the boiling point.

Cyclohexane: Structure, Formula & Conformations

11. Cyclohexane: Structure, Formula & Conformations

In this lesson, we'll learn about the conformation that Hermann Sachse developed in order to better understand the properties of cyclohexane. We'll also learn how to draw this cyclohexane conformation.

Cyclohexane: Hazards & Properties

12. Cyclohexane: Hazards & Properties

This lesson goes over a compound that can cause you pain or relieve your pain. It's found in vegetables, and it helps make nylon. It's cyclohexane. Find out its interesting properties and hazards in this lesson.

Cyclohexane: Isomers & Synthesis

13. Cyclohexane: Isomers & Synthesis

This lesson will focus on a specific class of cyclic organic structures called cyclohexane derivatives. We will feature isomers of cyclohexane compounds and how they are synthesized.

Cyclohexene: Hazards, Synthesis & Structure

14. Cyclohexene: Hazards, Synthesis & Structure

The focus of this lesson will be on a specific organic compound known as cyclohexene. Our primary topics of discussion will be on its structure, synthesis, and potential health hazards.

Octanol: Structure, Formula & Density

15. Octanol: Structure, Formula & Density

In this lesson, you'll learn a bit about octanol. You'll learn its different names, structure, formula, density and numerous other interesting properties.

What is Pentanol? - Structure, Formula & Isomers

16. What is Pentanol? - Structure, Formula & Isomers

In this lesson, we'll learn about the structure of pentanol and the several different forms that it can take, including constitutional isomers and stereoisomers.

What is Pentanol Used For? - Properties & Overview

17. What is Pentanol Used For? - Properties & Overview

Pentanol is a pretty foreign sounding word. But as you're about to learn in this lesson on pentanol's properties and uses, it's found in some things you are really familiar with.

Piperazine's Effects on Humans, Cats & Dogs

18. Piperazine's Effects on Humans, Cats & Dogs

Medications have two general types of effects: therapeutic and adverse. Piperazine is no different. Find out what this drug is used for and what its intended and unintended effects are in human, dogs and cats.

Piperazine: Synthesis, Dosage & Structure

19. Piperazine: Synthesis, Dosage & Structure

Live worms coming out of unspeakable regions? It's possible. There's a drug called piperazine that can help with this. This lesson goes over its synthesis, structure, and potential dosage.

Propranolol: Medication, Uses & Anxiety

20. Propranolol: Medication, Uses & Anxiety

This lesson defines a cardiovascular medication known as propranolol. You'll learn how it works and, as a result, what it's used for. You'll also learn why propranolol might be effective in treating, of all things, anxiety.

What is Propanol? - Structure & Formula

21. What is Propanol? - Structure & Formula

This lesson teaches you about propanol. You'll learn its various names, formulas, structure, properties as well as safety considerations if you're going to be working with it.

Amoxicillin vs. Penicillin: Allergy & Difference

22. Amoxicillin vs. Penicillin: Allergy & Difference

This lesson goes over the differences and similarities between penicillin and amoxicillin. You'll also learn some very important allergy information that applies to both.

What is Naphthalene? - Formula, Structure & Properties

23. What is Naphthalene? - Formula, Structure & Properties

This lesson goes over a strange name but a very common compound: naphthalene. You'll learn its other names, how it's made, its properties, structure, and formula.

Naphthalene: Uses, Hazards & Safety

24. Naphthalene: Uses, Hazards & Safety

This lesson goes over a very smelly and potentially very toxic compound that's used to manufacture a lot of things we've all heard of. It's naphthalene. You'll learn about its uses, hazards and safety concerns in this lesson.

What is Acetophenone? - Structure & Derivatives

25. What is Acetophenone? - Structure & Derivatives

In this lesson, we will look at the structure of Acetophenone. We will learn how the ketone on Acetophenone affects the reactivity of benzene. We will examine what types of derivatives can be obtained from acetophenone.

Acetophenone: Hazards, Synthesis & Uses

26. Acetophenone: Hazards, Synthesis & Uses

This lesson covers a flavorful and fragrant chemical called acetophenone. You'll learn about some of the ways it's made, some of its many uses and potential health and safety hazards.

What is Trinitrotoluene? - Uses, History & Properties

27. What is Trinitrotoluene? - Uses, History & Properties

This lesson goes over a very famous chemical compound called trinitrotoluene. You'll learn about its history and various uses, as well as numerous chemical and physical properties.

Trinitrotoluene (TNT): Synthesis, Structure & Formula

28. Trinitrotoluene (TNT): Synthesis, Structure & Formula

This lesson goes over the synthesis, structure, and formula of trinitrotoluene. While the name and lesson title sound intimidating, by the end of this lesson all three will be tied in together in an easy manner.

Glyphosate Herbicide: Toxicity, Studies & Safety

29. Glyphosate Herbicide: Toxicity, Studies & Safety

This lesson goes over a well-known herbicide called glyphosate. You'll find out what various studies have said about its toxicity and what safety concerns it entails.

What is 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine? - Structure & Hazards

30. What is 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine? - Structure & Hazards

The primary focus of this lesson is an organic molecule that's called 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. Main points of discussion will be its general structure, common uses, and the specific hazards associated with its handling.

Butyne: Structural Formula & Isomers

31. Butyne: Structural Formula & Isomers

In this lesson we will learn about butyne and the structure of butyne. We will look at the different isomers of butyne and how the different isomers affects the reactivity of the molecule.

Pyridine: Structure, Formula & Physical Properties

32. Pyridine: Structure, Formula & Physical Properties

In this lesson we will learn about the aromatic compound pyridine. We will explore how its structure makes it different from other aromatic compounds, such as benzene.

Pyridine in Medicine: Uses & Synthesis

33. Pyridine in Medicine: Uses & Synthesis

Would you want to take a medication that smelled like putrid fish? Probably not. But a chemical compound with this precise smell is used to help manufacture medication. Learn about its medical uses and synthesis in this lesson.

Cyclohexanol: Structure, Hazards & Physical Properties

34. Cyclohexanol: Structure, Hazards & Physical Properties

Cyclohexanol may sound like a complicated term, but its structure is actually really easy to decipher from the name itself. This lesson helps you with that and goes over the physical properties and hazards associated with this chemical.

What is THF (Tetrahydrofuran)? - Structure, Uses & Hazards

35. What is THF (Tetrahydrofuran)? - Structure, Uses & Hazards

In this lesson we will be discussing an important organic compound called tetrahydrofuran, which is primarily utilized as an organic solvent. We will talk about some of it uses and hazards as well.

Naphthol: Structure, Polarity & Solubility

36. Naphthol: Structure, Polarity & Solubility

In this lesson, we'll discuss the structure, polarity, and solubility of an organic compound called naphthol. We'll also cover the main industrial uses of this compound.

Pentene: Structural Formula, Isomers & Uses

37. Pentene: Structural Formula, Isomers & Uses

What is pentene and how it is used? This lesson looks at the three different isomers of pentene, as well as how they are related and how they are different.

Propanoic Acid: Structure, Formula & Uses

38. Propanoic Acid: Structure, Formula & Uses

This lesson gives you the alternative name for propanoic acid, its structures, formulas as well as many of its interesting uses throughout a number of industries.

Propionic Acid: Toxicity, Uses & Safety

39. Propionic Acid: Toxicity, Uses & Safety

This lesson goes over a tasty (in a way) compound called propionic acid. You'll learn about its uses, its potentially toxic effects and its various important safety issues.

What is a Biomaterial? - Definition & Examples

40. What is a Biomaterial? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you're going to learn about the definition of something known as a biomaterial. You'll also learn examples of biomaterials and where they can be used.

What is an Elastomer? - Definition, Properties & Examples

41. What is an Elastomer? - Definition, Properties & Examples

You have probably encountered an elastomer today. In this lesson, we will learn about the properties of compounds known as elastomers and identify some materials that are considered to be elastomers.

What is Furfural? - Uses, Structure & Production

42. What is Furfural? - Uses, Structure & Production

In this lesson, we will be discussing an organic compound called furfural. The specifics we will be exploring the structure of furfural, how it is produced both on small laboratory scales and industrially, and finally what it can be used for in terms of applications.

What is Mercaptopurine? - Side Effects, Dosage & Uses

43. What is Mercaptopurine? - Side Effects, Dosage & Uses

This lesson will go over a medication called mercaptopurine. You'll learn what it's used for, dosage information, and some of the side effects associated with it.

What is Coumarin? - Structure, Synthesis & Derivatives

44. What is Coumarin? - Structure, Synthesis & Derivatives

The focus of this lesson will be on a privileged organic compound known as coumarin. Our main points of discussion will be on coumarin's basic structure, a couple of the more common methods by which it's made synthetically, and some important derivatives that come from the parent molecule itself.

What is Hydroxyquinoline? - Uses & Overview

45. What is Hydroxyquinoline? - Uses & Overview

In this lesson, we will be learning about a specific organic compound known as hydroxyquinoline. Our primary points of discussion will be on its structure, an overview of how it's synthesized, and some of the more common uses it finds application in.

Anthracene: Lewis Structure, Formula & Resonance

46. Anthracene: Lewis Structure, Formula & Resonance

In this lesson we discuss the aromatic molecule anthracene, its chemical formula, and the concept of resonance which makes this molecule rigid and planar.

Anthracene: Hazards & Uses

47. Anthracene: Hazards & Uses

The focus of this lesson will be on an organic molecule known as anthracene. Our main points of exploration will be on its structure, reactions it undergoes, uses, and hazards.

Fluorenone: Structure, Solubility & Polarity

48. Fluorenone: Structure, Solubility & Polarity

In this lesson we will be taking an in-depth look at an organic compound known as fluorenone. Our primary points of discussion will be on its structure, solubility, and polarity.

Fluorene: Polarity, Structure & Solubility

49. Fluorene: Polarity, Structure & Solubility

In this lesson, we will be learning about a specific organic compound called fluorene. Our main topics of discussion will be on its structure, polarity, and solubility.

Alpha Beta Unsaturated Ketone: Formation & Reduction

50. Alpha Beta Unsaturated Ketone: Formation & Reduction

The primary focal point of this lesson will be on a specific kind of organic compound known as an alpha beta unsaturated ketone. Our main points of discussion will induce their structure, formation, and reduction reactions.

What are Hydrogenated Fats? - Definition & Examples

51. What are Hydrogenated Fats? - Definition & Examples

This lesson introduces hydrogenated fats. Hydrogenated fats are defined, and the chemical reaction used to synthesize hydrogenated fats is discussed. Examples of hydrogenated fats, such as trans fats, are also covered.

Partially Hydrogenated Fats: Definition & Examples

52. Partially Hydrogenated Fats: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will learn about hydrogenation, what it is, and how the chemical reaction occurs. Then we will look at how this process affects fats, why hydrogenation of fats began, and why it is now banned.

What is the Difference Between Cis and Trans Fats?

53. What is the Difference Between Cis and Trans Fats?

In this lesson, we learn about the physical differences between cis and trans fats. We see how these differences affect the physical properties and health effects of these two different fats.

What is a Natural Antibiotic? - Foods & Plants

54. What is a Natural Antibiotic? - Foods & Plants

You've probably taken an antibiotic for some sort of infection, like strep throat or a bladder infection. But you may have also taken a natural antibiotic and not even realized it. This lesson will explore some common natural antibiotics.

What is Absolute Alcohol? - Preparation & Uses

55. What is Absolute Alcohol? - Preparation & Uses

The focus of this lesson will be on the organic compound ethanol. Our primary points of discussion will be on how absolute ethanol is obtained and how it is utilized in the lab setting as well as in everyday life.

Acenaphthylene: Uses & Aromaticity

56. Acenaphthylene: Uses & Aromaticity

Acenaphthylene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that at first doesn't appear to follow all of the rules of aromaticity. We will learn why it is aromatic and how it is used.

What is Acetanilide? - Uses & Hazards

57. What is Acetanilide? - Uses & Hazards

In this lesson we will be exploring the organic compound known as acetanilide. Topics that will be discussed include its structure and synthesis, its primary applications, and a health hazard associated with the compound.

Acetanilide: Formula, Resonance & Derivatives

58. Acetanilide: Formula, Resonance & Derivatives

The primary focus of this lesson will be on a specific organic compound known as acetanilide. Our points of discussion regarding the molecule will be its chemical formula, resonance structures, and important derivatives.

Acetogenins: Definition & Sources

59. Acetogenins: Definition & Sources

Acetogenins are natural compounds found in plants like custard apple. They are derived from fatty acids showing biological properties beneficial for human health. Among them, their promising anti-cancer properties have captured the attention of scientists.

Why is Acetone a Good Solvent? - Properties & Explanation

60. Why is Acetone a Good Solvent? - Properties & Explanation

From nail polish remover to a science laboratory, acetone is a widely used chemical. Have you ever wondered why this is so? Continue reading to learn about acetone and the properties that make it a great solvent.

Acetonitrile: Production, Hazards & Waste Disposal

61. Acetonitrile: Production, Hazards & Waste Disposal

In this lesson, we will be taking an in-depth look at an organic compound called acetonitrile. Our focus will be on its production, its potential hazards, and proper disposal of it as waste.

What is Acetonitrile? - Structure, Uses & Properties

62. What is Acetonitrile? - Structure, Uses & Properties

The focal point of this lesson will be on a specific organic compound known as acetonitrile. Our primary topics of discussion will include its structure, chemical properties, and important uses it finds application towards.

Chromic Acid: Solution Preparation, Disposal & Hazards

63. Chromic Acid: Solution Preparation, Disposal & Hazards

Chromic acid is a strong acid that can be prepared in a few steps. There are more steps involved in the proper disposal of chromic acid. In this lesson, we will discuss how to prepare a solution of chromic acid, how to safely dispose of it and hazards associated with it.

Chromic Acid: Formula, Structure & Use

64. Chromic Acid: Formula, Structure & Use

There are many acids, and they all contain hydrogen. In this lesson, we will work with chromic acid, which is hydrogen bonded with chromate. We will learn chromic acid's structure and uses for it.

What is Methyl Red? - Synthesis & Structure

65. What is Methyl Red? - Synthesis & Structure

The primary focal point of this lesson will be on a specific organic compound known as methyl red. Our main topics of discussion will include the structure of methyl red, how it's synthesized, and it's most important use.

What is Aconitic Acid? - Formula & Uses

66. What is Aconitic Acid? - Formula & Uses

Aconitic acid is an organic compound. In this lesson we will learn about the structure of aconitic acid as well as some of its natural and man-made uses.

What is Acrolein Used For?

67. What is Acrolein Used For?

Acrolein is the simplest unsaturated aldehyde and can be very toxic. However, it has many uses, so it continues to be produced. In this lesson we will learn about some of those uses.

What is Acrylamide? - Definition, Uses & Structure

68. What is Acrylamide? - Definition, Uses & Structure

In this lesson we will learn about acrylamide and polyacrylamide and the application of these chemicals. We will cover in what instances acrylamide is toxic, and how it is used without toxicity.

Acrylamide in Food: Toxicity & Safety

69. Acrylamide in Food: Toxicity & Safety

Acrylamides are a toxic substance that are believed to cause cancer, yet acrylamides are frequently found in food. In this lesson we will learn what acrylamides are and how they can be avoided.

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