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- Learn about functional groups of organic molecules.
- Discuss the chemistry of monomers and polymers.
- Explain the structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.
- Take a look at the mechanisms behind lactose intolerance.
- Explore the structure and function of steroids.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Lactose Intolerance and the Major Disaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples
Disaccharides are a class of sugar created by the combination of two monosaccharides. The three major disaccharides in your diet are maltose, sucrose, and lactose. In this lesson, you will learn about these disaccharides and a common digestive system disorder called lactose intolerance.
5. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
6. Steroids: Structure & Function
Steroids are a type of lipid that contains four rings of carbon atoms. Steroids can act as hormones in the body. In this lesson, you will learn about the different structures and functions of steroids, including the important role of a steroid called cholesterol.
7. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
8. Alkyl Halide: Structure & Reactions
In this lesson we will learn about alkyl halides and common alkyl halides in the world. We'll also learn how they are formed, why they are important, and what further reactions can be done with an alkyl halide.
9. Isomers: Definition, Types & Examples
Isomers play an important role in the biology of life. Would you like to know how to spot a cis-isomer or a trans-isomer? In this lesson, we'll explore examples and the two broad categories of isomers: constitutional isomers and stereoisomers.
10. What is Isopropyl Alcohol? - Uses, Structure & Formula
Did you know that the alcohol present in the rubbing alcohol that we find in the store is isopropyl alcohol? In this lesson, we will learn all about isopropyl alcohol and its various uses.
11. Holoenzyme: Definition & Overview
This lesson provides a quick review of the definition and function of an enzyme. It then defines a holoenzyme, explains its functions, and gives a few examples.
12. Substrate Concentration: Definition & Effect on Enzyme Activity
This lesson will discuss what a substrate is and how it relates to enzymes. It will also explain what substrate concentration means and take a look at how substrate concentration affects enzyme activity.
13. Sugar Molecule: Structure & Formula
Sugar molecules are also known as carbohydrates. You have likely heard of simple and complex carbohydrates, but what is the difference? This lesson discusses the basic structure of sugars and how they combine to form complex carbohydrates.
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