About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering organic reactions and mechanisms will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about organic reactions and mechanisms. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding organic reactions and mechanisms, such as catalytic hydrogenation and cycloaddition reactions
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning organic chemistry (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about organic reactions and mechanisms
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra organic chemistry learning resources
How It Works:
- Find lessons in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Watch the video or read through the text lesson.
- Refer to the transcripts or specific lesson sections to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Organic Reactions & Mechanisms: Help & Review chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Organic Reactions & Mechanisms: Help & Review chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any organic reaction and mechanism question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos and read text lessons on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an organic reactions and mechanism unit of a standard organic chemistry course. Topics include:
- Cycloaddition reactions
- Huisgen cycloaddition mechanisms
- Azide-alkyne Huisgen and intramolecular Diels-Adler cycloaddition reactions
- Catalytic hydrogenation
- The catalytic hydrogenation of alkenes, ketones and alkynes
- Organic monomer and polymer abiotic synthesis
- Diels-Adler and Retro-Diels-Adler reactions
1. Cycloaddition Reactions in Organic Chemistry
The focal point of this lesson will center around a specific type of reaction in organic chemistry known as a cycloaddition reaction. Our lesson will include a brief survey of some of the more important cycloaddition reactions encountered.
2. Dehydration of Cyclohexanol: Mechanism & Overview
In this lesson, we will focus on the dehydration reaction that cyclohexanol undergoes under acidic conditions to produce cyclohexene, a useful building block in organic chemistry.
3. Oxidation of Fluorene to Fluorenone Mechanism
The focus of this lesson will be on a specific organic reaction in which fluorene is oxidized to fluorenone. Our goal will be to understand how this reaction happens by studying the reaction mechanism.
4. Reduction of Fluorenone to Fluorenol
In this lesson, we are going to be learning about a specific chemical reaction that involves a compound called fluorenone and its reduction to an alcohol called fluorenol.
5. Huisgen Cycloaddition: Mechanism & Overview
The primary focal point of this lesson will be on an organic chemistry reaction known as the Huisgen cycloaddition. Our points of discussion will be the general reaction form and how the reaction occurs in terms of the mechanism.
6. Azide-Alkyne Huisgen Cycloaddition Reactions
The focal point of this lesson will be on a specific type of reaction in organic chemistry called a cycloaddition reaction. Our discussions will center around the azide-alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition.
7. Intramolecular Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Reactions
The Diels-Alder reaction forms a new cyclohexagon. When the diene and dienophile are on the same molecule, an intramolecular reaction occurs. We will learn under what conditions this reaction can occur and look at some examples.
8. What is Catalytic Hydrogenation? - Mechanism & Reaction
In this lesson you will learn all about catalytic hydrogenation. In addition to its definition, you will learn what is needed to perform catalytic hydrogenation and its reaction mechanism.
9. Catalytic Hydrogenation of Alkenes: Mechanism & Explanation
Alkenes undergo addition reactions with hydrogen under certain conditions. This lesson will walk you through the mechanism behind hydrogenation of alkenes.
10. Catalytic Hydrogenation of Ketones: Mechanism & Explanation
The goal of this lesson will be to gain an understanding of how ketones are hydrogenated by taking a look at the reaction mechanism and getting an explanation for how the reaction happens.
11. Catalytic Hydrogenation of Alkynes: Mechanism & Explanation
The main focus of this lesson will be on a specific organic transformation, the hydrogenation of alkynes. Our points of discussion will include the general form of the reaction as well as an explanation behind the mechanism.
12. Diels-Alder Reaction: Mechanism & Stereochemistry
In this lesson we will learn the mechanism by which the Diels-Alder reaction creates a new six-membered ring. We will learn what reactants are necessary, and how the stereochemistry of the products turns out based on the reactants.
13. Retro-Diels-Alder Reaction: Mechanism & Overview
In this lesson we will learn about the Retro-Diels-Alder reaction and how it works as the reverse of the Diels-Alder reaction. We will learn how to determine what products are formed and the stereochemistry of those products.
14. What is a Hemiacetal? - Formation & Definition
The hemiacetal is part of what makes sugar sweet. In this lesson we will learn about the structure of the hemiacetal and how to identify the hemiacetal. We will also learn how it is formed.
15. Formation of Cyclic Acetals
The primary focal point of this lesson will be on a specific transformation in organic chemistry known as cyclic acetal formation. We will begin with why the reaction is important followed by a detailed look at how the reaction occurs via its mechanism.
16. Synthesis of Hydantoin & Its Derivatives
The focus of this lesson will be on a heterocyclic organic compound known as hydantoin. Our primary points of discussion will be on its structure, synthesis, and important derivatives.
17. Bromination of Acetanilide: Mechanism & Explanation
The primary focus of this lesson is on a specific organic chemistry reaction: namely, the bromination of acetanilide. Our goal is to understand how the reaction happens in terms of its mechanism.
18. Hydrolysis of Acetanilide: Mechanism & Explanation
In this lesson, we will get a detailed overview of the hydrolysis reaction acetanilide undergoes under acidic conditions. The primary focus will be on the mechanistic steps and an explanation behind each step of the process.
19. Acetone Reactions with Water, Alcohol & Iodine
If you've heard of nail polish remover, you've heard of acetone. This lesson will explore the chemical features of acetone as well as how it reacts with water, alcohol, and iodine.
20. What is Acetylation? - Mechanism & Definition
In this lesson, you will learn all about acetylation. You will learn exactly what it is, why it happens, and about the mechanism by which this particular reaction proceeds.
21. Acetylation of Ferrocene: Mechanism & Explanation
Have you ever wondered what interesting compounds iron can form? In this lesson we will be learning about how an iron-containing compound called ferrocene undergoes a reaction called acetylation by talking about the reaction mechanism and explaining the individual steps.
22. What is Acetylcholinesterase? - Function & Definition
This lesson introduces a biological enzyme called acetylcholinesterase. Our primary points of discussion will center around its definition and how it functions at the cellular level.
23. Acetylcholinesterase: Reaction & Mechanism of Action
Acetylcholinesterase is one of the fastest enzymes in the body. In this lesson, we will learn what it does and the mechanism by which the reaction occurs.
24. Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors: Examples & Mechanism
In this lesson we'll be learning about inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. We'll learn how these drugs work, different examples and what they are used for.
25. Acid-Base Extraction: Theory, Purpose & Procedure
The focus of this lesson will be on learning the purpose, theory, and procedure behind separating organic acids and bases from one another when they are present together as a mixture.
26. Acid-Catalyzed Dehydration of Alcohols: Reaction & Mechanism
This lesson will focus on the detailed mechanism behind how organic alcohols undergo a dehydration reaction in the presence of an acid to produce alkenes.
27. Acid-Catalyzed Ester Hydrolysis: Procedure & Mechanism
In this lesson, you will learn what an Acid-Catalyzed Ester Hydrolysis is, as well as the procedure for performing this reaction and the reaction mechanism.
28. What is Transesterification? - Definition & Mechanism
This lesson describes transesterification reactions and provides examples. The mechanism of transesterification in both acidic and basic conditions is also covered.
29. Chromic Acid Test for Aldehydes & Alcohols Mechanism
The chromic acid test is used to measure alcohols and aldehydes. We'll learn how this reaction occurs and what allows it to indicate the presence of alcohols and aldehydes.
30. Methyl Red Test for Bacteria: Procedure & Principle
E-coli is a dangerous bacteria, and there are several tests that can be performed to identify if E-coli is present. Methyl red is one of these tests. In this lesson, we will learn how to perform this test.
31. Solvolysis: Hydrolysis, Alcoholysis & Ammonolysis
How can a solvent be used as part of a chemical reaction? This lesson will focus on the general process of solvolysis by specifically using the reactions called hydrolysis, alcoholysis, and ammonolysis as examples.
32. Alkoxymercuration-Demercuration of Ethers: Mechanism & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn how ethers can be synthesized using alkoxymercuration-demercuration. You'll study the reaction mechanism and see an example.
33. Alkoxymercuration vs. Oxymercuration
Ethers and alcohols are used for a variety of purposes, and there are several different methods to form ethers and alcohols. In this lesson we will learn about alkoxymercuration and oxymercuration.
34. Birch Reduction: Mechanism, Procedure & Examples
Strong reducers typical fully reduce a compound. The Birch reduction is unique because it only selectively reduces compounds. In this lesson we will learn about the mechanism by which this occurs.
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