About This Chapter
Organism Classification & Phylogenesis Basics - Chapter Summary
Study the classification and naming of living things with these simple online science lessons. As you explore this chapter, you'll review the fundamentals of organism classification and phylogenesis. Our expert science instructors also walk you through examples of organisms that exist in the different kingdoms. Studying this chapter can help you:
- Define taxonomy
- Interpret phylogenetic trees and cladograms
- Recognize the characteristics of the Protista, Plantae, Animalia and Fungi kingdoms
These lessons are designed to be short, entertaining and easy-to-follow. Be sure to take the accompanying self-assessments to ensure you remember what you study. You can review the chapter online or print the lesson transcripts to study offline. If you have any questions along the say, simply take advantage of the chapter's handy Ask the Expert feature.
1. Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things
The name you give to a living thing may be completely different than the name someone else uses. In science, we use a common naming system for all living things to avoid confusion. This lesson will explore the basics of our classification system.
2. Cladograms and Phylogenetic Trees: Evolution Classifications
Family trees help show how people are related to each other. Similarly, scientists use cladograms and phylogenetic trees to study the relationships between organisms.
3. Kingdom Protista: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
Learn about the requirements to enter Kingdom Protista, one of the five kingdoms of life. Discover and read about the organisms that can be found there.
4. Kingdom Plantae: Facts, Characteristics & Examples
Chances are, you can thank a plant for your clothes, your food, and even your house. This lesson will explore the kingdom plantae including characteristics plants share as well as some facts and examples of organisms within this kingdom.
5. Animalia Kingdom: Definition, Characteristics & Facts
With over one million different species, the Animalia Kingdom is considered the largest kingdom. Its organisms also inhabit the most diverse habitats on Earth. This lesson will examine what characteristics animals possess and then will list some awesome animal facts.
6. Kingdom Fungi: Definition, Characteristics, & Examples
The kingdom Fungi includes a diverse group of organisms that are neither plant nor animal. They absorb nutrition from other organisms while playing the important role of ecological decomposers. Learn more about this group and take a short quiz at the end.
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Other chapters within the NES Middle Grades General Science (204): Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Scientific Inquiry
- Historical Development of Scientific Laws & Theories
- Overview of Science & Society
- Intro to Matter
- Atomic Structure in Chemistry Basics
- Trends of the Periodic Table
- Nuclear Processes
- Intro to Chemical Bonds
- Overview of Types of Reactions in Chemistry
- Equilibrium in Chemistry Basics
- Reaction Rates in Chemistry
- Energy Forms and Transformations
- Electricity & Magnetism Basics
- Force, Mass & Motion
- Overview of Waves, Sound & Light
- Cell Characteristics, Organization & Processes
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Male Reproductive System
- Female Reproductive System
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Requirements of Biological Systems
- Basic Genetic Principles
- Intro to the Origin & History of Life On Earth
- Biomes & Ecosystems
- Understanding Earth's Spheres & Internal Structure
- Time & Dating in Geology
- The Lithosphere
- Rocks & Minerals
- Weathering, Erosion & Wasting Basics
- Geological Forms
- Hydrosphere Properties & Characteristics
- Overview of Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- Intro to the Solar System & the Universe
- NES Middle Grades General Science Flashcards