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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an organizational structure and design unit of a standard organizational behavior course. Topics covered include:
- Organic and mechanistic organizational structures
- Role specialization in organizations
- Authority in centralized and decentralized organizations
- Traditional and contemporary organizational designs
- Organizational downsizing
1. Organizational Structure: Definition and Influence on Organizational Behavior
In this lesson you will learn the definition of organizational structure and how the structure of an organization can influence the attitudes and behaviors of organizational members.
2. Organizational Design and Structure
There is a relationship between organizational design and structure because of different factors. Organizational size, organizational life cycle, strategy, environment and technology work together to form a complete organization.
3. Mechanistic & Organic Organizational Business Structures
Different organizations require different structures. This lesson describes the differences between mechanistic and organic organizational structures by looking at the specifics of organizations.
4. Work Specialization in Organizations
One of the most important decisions an organization will need to make is how to get work done. This lesson will explain the purpose of work specialization in an organization and how it is used to organize separate jobs.
5. Authority in Centralized & Decentralized Organizations
There are several approaches to authority. In this lesson, learn about the centralized organization, where authority is top-down through a chain of command. Contrast that with the decentralized organization, where authority is assigned at different levels in the hierarchy.
6. Types of Traditional Organizational Designs: Simple, Functional & Divisional Designs
Choosing an organizational structure is an ongoing design process. In this lesson, you will learn to identify types of traditional organizational designs, including simple, functional and divisional designs.
7. Types of Contemporary Organizational Designs: Matrix, Team & Network Designs
Choosing an organizational structure is an ongoing design process. In this lesson, you will learn to identify types of contemporary organizational designs, including matrix, team and network designs.
8. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management
At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
9. The Boundaryless Organization: Structure and Advantages
In this lesson, you will learn how the structure of an organization can create barriers that have a negative impact on its operations. Find out why managers want to reduce or eliminate these barriers and create a boundaryless organization.
10. Characteristics of Informal Organizations: The Grapevine & Informal Groups
Have you ever thought about how important the relationships you have with your coworkers are to your organization? This lesson will discuss the common elements of informal organizations including their characteristics, informal groups, and the grapevine.
11. Organizational Downsizing: Definition, Strategies & Business Impacts
In this lesson, you will learn why organizations choose to downsize their operations and about the implications that organizational downsizing has on organizational members.
12. Strategy and Organizational Structure
In this lesson you will learn the three different elements to organizational strategy and which organizational structures work best for each of these elements.
13. The Organizational Life Cycle
In this lesson, you will learn about the four stages of the organizational life cycle and how organizations change as they pass through these sequential stages.
14. Technology: How Organizations Turn Inputs to Outputs
In this lesson, you will learn about the three different types of technologies used by organizations and how the type of technology used by an organization impacts the structure of that organization.
15. Organizational Size: Impacts on Structure and Design of an Organization
In this lesson, you will learn how the size of an organization impacts the structure and design of that organization in the areas of work specialization, departmentalization, and formalization.
16. Lean Organizational Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how the structure of a lean organization differs from the structure of a traditional organization and the benefits organizations with lean structures have over organizations with traditional structures.
17. Organizational Design and Organizational Behavior
In this lesson, you will learn how two different elements of organizational structure influence the performance and behavior of members of organizations.
18. E-Business Enhanced and E-Business Enabled Organizations
Businesses use the Internet in different ways. Some use it as a part of their business, while some use it to run the entire business. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences between e-business enhanced and e-business enabled businesses.
19. What Is Management by Objectives (MBO)? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
In this lesson, you will learn about Management by Objectives, its definition and some of its advantages and disadvantages. You will also have an opportunity to reinforce your knowledge with a brief quiz after the lesson.
20. Internal Strengths & Weaknesses in SWOT Analysis: Definition & Examples
An organization must have the ability to examine and make changes based on internal strengths and weaknesses. The use of tools such as the SWOT analysis is the key to a successful organization.
21. What is Vertical Integration? - Definition, Examples & Benefits
What do firms do when they want to increase their competitiveness? Some companies adopt a vertical integration strategy. In this lesson, you will learn what vertical integration is and how it is used.
22. Reduction in Force Best Practices
A reduction in force may be necessary for budget or restructuring reasons, but all bases should be covered to protect employee and business. In this lesson, you'll learn some best practices for a reduction in force.
23. Reduction in Force Laws
In this lesson, we'll define reduction in force and explain the three federal laws that employers must comply with when permanently laying off employees.
24. Reduction in Force: Definition & Guidelines
In this lesson, we will examine various scenarios that may result in a reduction in force, or RIF, as well as some of the parameters that are often in place regarding which teachers will be cut and how they will be rehired.
25. Reduction in Force Letter Template
Writing a reduction in force letter can be difficult. In this lesson, we'll provide a sample letter template that can be customized for your organization to help make the notification process simple and organized.
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Other chapters within the Organizational Behavior: Help and Review course
- The Evolution of Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Management and Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Foundations of Individual Behavior: Help and Review
- Personality and Behavior in Organizations: Help and Review
- Emotions and Moods in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Emotions & Moods in Organizations
- Attitudes and Values in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Ethics in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Perception and Attribution: Help and Review
- Learning in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Employee Motivation: Help and Review
- Individual Decision Making in Organizations: Help and Review
- Workforce Diversity: Help and Review
- Organizational Communication in Business: Help and Review
- Groups and Work Teams: Help and Review
- Group Decision Making: Help and Review
- Conflict in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Leadership in Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Leadership Theory in Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Leadership Styles in Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Job Design: Help and Review
- Organizational Culture: Help and Review
- Organizational Change and Organizational Behavior: Help and Review
- Managing Workplace Stress: Help and Review
- Career Management: Help and Review
- Theories of Leadership
- Leadership Styles
- Individual Behavior in Organizations
- Global Implications of Organizational Behavior: Help and Review