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Ch 2: Organizational Theories & Human Resources

About This Chapter

Watch this series of videos on organizational theories and human resources. Complete the quizzes that conclude each lesson to test your knowledge of the concepts.

Organizational Theories and Human Resources - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Our lessons on organizational theories and human resources introduce several contributors to the field of employee management, including Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. You'll also learn about the human relations movement and the role it played in organizational behavior. Once you've finished this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explain the focus of the scientific school of management.
  • Discuss how Frederick Taylor's contributions to the field of management are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
  • Detail how Henri Fayol's management principles focus on the entire organization rather than just the work.
  • Debate the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.

VideoObjective
Classical Scientific School of ManagementDiscuss the development of scientific management and how it's applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.
Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & EfficiencyLearn about the contributions Frederick Taylor made to the field of management.
Henri Fayol's Management Principals: Managing Departmental Task OrganizationExplore the first seven of Henri Fayol's 14 Principals of Management.
Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker SatisfactionLearn about the remaining seven of Henri Fayol's 14 Principals of Management.
The Human Relations Movement: Definition and Significance to Organizational BehaviorDiscover how the human relations movement became a significant part of organizational behavior.
Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of ManagersLearn about two types of managers, and find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employee actions.

6 Lessons in Chapter 2: Organizational Theories & Human Resources
Classical Scientific School of Management

1. Classical Scientific School of Management

The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.

Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

2. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.

Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

3. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.

Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

4. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.

The Human Relations Movement: Definition and Significance to Organizational Behavior

5. The Human Relations Movement: Definition and Significance to Organizational Behavior

The human relations movement in organizational behavior focuses on the person as an individual and not as just another part of the mechanics of production. The implementation of this theory decreases turnover, absenteeism and poor job commitment.

Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers

6. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers

Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.

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