About This Chapter
Organizing as a Management Function - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Lessons included in this chapter explain how managers use organizational structure to delegate authority and determine who's responsible for which tasks. You can also discover the role factors like organization size and external environment play in determining how managers further arrange project teams and groups of employees in a way that helps an organization meet its goals. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Recognize the importance of organization as one of the four functions of management
- Explain how organizational structure determines employee roles and authority
- Distinguish between centralized and decentralized organizations
- Identify types of traditional and contemporary organizational design
|Organizing as a Function of Management||Explains a manager's role in creating an organizational structure that outlines employee roles and job responsibilities, among other aspects.|
|Organizational Design and Structure||Describes the differences between organizational design and structure and outlines factors determining the relationship between them.|
|Organizational Chart and Hierarchy||Provides descriptions and examples of a typical organizational chart.|
|Authority in Centralized & Decentralized Organizations||Outlines the differences between top-down management where authority follows a chain of command and management that delegates authority across several different departments.|
|Types of Traditional Organizational Designs: Simple, Functional & Divisional Designs||Explains how these three types of organizational design help managers allot business functions and tasks.|
|Types of Contemporary Organizational Designs: Matrix, Team & Network Designs||Explores characteristics of three additional common design structures.|
1. Organizing as a Function of Management
Once a plan is in place, a manager must put it into action. This lesson explains the role of organizing as a function of management as well as its relationship with planning.
2. Organizational Design and Structure
There is a relationship between organizational design and structure because of different factors. Organizational size, organizational life cycle, strategy, environment and technology work together to form a complete organization.
3. Organizational Chart and Hierarchy: Definition & Examples
Most organizations take advantage of a hierarchy. In this lesson, you'll learn about the features and structures of hierarchies. You'll also learn about organizational charts and how they can be used in understanding hierarchies.
4. Authority in Centralized & Decentralized Organizations
There are several approaches to authority. In this lesson, learn about the centralized organization, where authority is top-down through a chain of command. Contrast that with the decentralized organization, where authority is assigned at different levels in the hierarchy.
5. Types of Traditional Organizational Designs: Simple, Functional & Divisional Designs
Choosing an organizational structure is an ongoing design process. In this lesson, you will learn to identify types of traditional organizational designs, including simple, functional and divisional designs.
6. Types of Contemporary Organizational Designs: Matrix, Team & Network Designs
Choosing an organizational structure is an ongoing design process. In this lesson, you will learn to identify types of contemporary organizational designs, including matrix, team and network designs.
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