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Origins of Human Civilizations and Migrations - Chapter Summary
Study the origins and movements of human civilizations, including causes, effects and patterns throughout history. These brief video lessons walk you through early migrations and migrations that have taken place since 1500. You'll find out how geography impacts civilizations, review characteristics of emigration and get details on the opportunities that emerged after the last Ice Age. Once you've watched all these videos, you'll be familiar with:
- Prehistoric human migrations
- End of the Ice Age
- The Great Flood
- Contemporary human migrations
- Emigration's effects
- The Regional Continuity Model of Human Origin
- Replacement Model of Human Origin
- Climate and migration
- Cultural evolution
- Human grouping
The lessons include transcripts with key vocabulary terms and entertaining videos that use animations and examples to explain important points about human migration. There are also self-assessment quizzes that link back to the video content so you can come away with a solid understanding of the concepts you'll need to be familiar with on test day.
1. What is a Civilization? - Definition & Common Elements
In this lesson, we will define the term civilization. We will identify the core characteristics of a civilization, and understand the function of civilizations in the context of historical development.
2. Prehistoric Human Migrations: History & Movements
This lesson will seek to explain the theories concerning prehistoric human migration. In doing so, it will highlight the effects of the Ice Age on modern Homo sapiens and their migration into Eurasia and the rest of the globe.
3. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities
What is an ice age? How did the latest period of glaciation form our species? How has the abundance of this latest period of interglaciation changed our behavior? Watch this lesson to find out.
4. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
5. The Migrations of Humans Since 1500
This lesson will explain human migration patterns since the 1500s. In doing so, it will highlight the forced migration, as well as the eras of colonization and persecution, industrialization, and 20th century migration.
6. Contemporary Migration: Forced Migration, Patterns & Impacts
This lesson will seek to explain modern migration. In doing so, it will highlight labor migration, urbanization, and forced migration. It will also highlight the term diaspora.
7. Emigration: Definition, Characteristics & Effects
This lesson will explain the difference between immigration and emigration. In doing so, it will focus mainly on emigration. It will discuss push and pull factors that contribute to emigration, as well as the concept of remittances.
8. The Regional Continuity Model of Human Origin: Characteristics, Assertions & Critiques
This lesson will seek to explain the Regional Continuity model of human origin. In doing so, it will highlight the theories of Darwin as well as the assertions of the Out of Africa model of origin.
9. Replacement Model of Human Origin: Attributes, Claims & Arguments
This lesson will seek to explain the Replacement model of human origin. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of a theory, the assertions of the Out of Africa model and the theories of Charles Darwin.
10. Partial Replacement Model of Human Origin: Aspects, Theories & Critiques
This lesson will seek to explain the partial replacement model of human origin. In doing so, it will also explain the replacement model, the work of Charles Darwin, and the concept of theory.
11. Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations
In this lesson, we will look at the relationship between geography, climate, and civilization. We will learn why civilizations develop in particular regions and how this leads to lifestyle and cultural differences.
12. Theories of Cultural Evolution: Human Stages, Historical Materialism & Neo-Malthusian
This lesson will seek to explain the theories of cultural evolution. In doing so, it will highlight the works of Edward Tylor, Karl Marx, and the Malthusian catastrophe of Thomas Robert Malthus.
13. Identity and Human Grouping: Cultural, Ethnic, Racial & Gender
This lesson will seek to explain the different human groupings of culture, race, ethnicity, and gender. In doing so, it will discuss how these terms are and are not tied to biological and physical traits.
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