About This Chapter
Overview of Alcohols - Chapter Summary
Studying this overview of alcohols makes it easy to build a comprehensive understanding of acid catalyzed hydration, alcohol alkylation, phenols and the Grignard reaction mechanism. Our lessons also ensure you understand how to name alcohols using IUPAC nomenclature, use reduction to create primary and secondary alcohols and more! To test your knowledge of these and other concepts covered in this chapter, feel free to take our multiple-choice quizzes and chapter exam. Send any questions you have about specific lesson topics to our experts via the Dashboard. These study tools are accessible 24/7 via your computer or mobile device of choice. When finished with this chapter, you will be able to:
- Discuss the classification of alcohols and alkanols
- Explain the uses and structure of isopropyl alcohol
- Exhibit knowledge of nucleophilic substitution in haloalkanes
- Describe the conversion of alcohol to alkyl halide
- Showcase knowledge of the acid-catalyzed dehydration of alcohols
- Detail the mechanism, reaction and conditions of the oxidation of alcohols
- Complete reactions to alcohols practice problems
1. Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group
At first glance, the term alcohol and alkanol sound quite similar. In fact, there are similarities between both compounds. Explore this lesson to learn about alcohols and alkanols, how they are classified, and what their functional groups are.
2. What is Isopropyl Alcohol? - Uses, Structure & Formula
Did you know that the alcohol present in the rubbing alcohol that we find in the store is isopropyl alcohol? In this lesson, we will learn all about isopropyl alcohol and its various uses.
3. Naming Alcohols Using IUPAC Nomenclature
This lesson will help you understand how to apply IUPAC naming conventions to alcohols. We'll first review what primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols are, and then look at IUPAC naming conventions. Lastly, we'll look at naming some examples.
4. Naming Alcohols Using IUPAC Nomenclature: Practice Problems
These practice problems will allow you to practice your skills in naming alcohols using the IUPAC nomenclature. First, we'll explain what alcohols are and review the nomenclature system, then we'll look at some examples of how to name alcohols.
5. Nucleophilic Substitution in Haloalkanes
This lesson describes haloalkane substitution reactions. The structure and function of nucleophiles, electrophiles, and haloalkanes are discussed. The mechanisms of SN1 and SN2 reactions are discussed.
6. Using Reduction to Create Primary & Secondary Alcohols
This lesson will cover how reduction of carbonyl compounds can be carried out to form primary and secondary alcohols. In addition to reviewing the process, we'll also look at examples.
7. What is Acid Catalyzed Hydration?
Acid catalyzed hydration reactions are very useful at removing double and triple bonds in the presence of an acid catalyst. Continue reading to learn more about and recognize the steps required to perform this reaction.
8. The Grignard Reaction Mechanism
Have you ever wondered how carbon-carbon bonds are created in organic compounds? Continue reading to explore how these bonds are formed using a Grignard reaction. Identify the steps involved by learning about mechanism for this reaction.
9. Alcohol to Alkyl Halide: Preparation, Reaction & Conversion
Alcohols cannot typically undergo substitution reactions. In this lesson, we will learn how alcohols are prepared to undergo a substitution reaction and convert into alkyl halides.
10. Alcohol Alkylation: Definition, Reaction & Mechanism
The primary focal point of this lesson is alcohol alkylation. We'll discuss the definition and specific reactions and then take a look at how the reaction occurs via its mechanism.
11. Acid-Catalyzed Dehydration of Alcohols: Reaction & Mechanism
This lesson will focus on the detailed mechanism behind how organic alcohols undergo a dehydration reaction in the presence of an acid to produce alkenes.
12. Oxidation of Alcohols: Mechanism, Reaction & Conditions
How are alcohols oxidized and what are the products formed? In this lesson we will be learning about the mechanism behind the oxidation as well as the reaction conditions.
13. Phenol: Preparation & Reactions
This lesson will focus on the properties of phenol, how to synthesize it, and a few important functional group manipulation reactions this important organic building block can undergo.
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