About This Chapter
Overview of Carboxylic Acids - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive organic chemistry chapter discusses the fundamentals of carboxylic acids. Work through these simple and engaging lessons to study the carboxyl group and the uses of acetic and carboxylic acid. You'll can also expect to review acid derivatives, esterification, saponification and IUPAC nomenclature. To solidify your understanding of these carboxylic acid concepts, try the multiple-choice quizzes that accompany the chapter's lessons. If you have any questions about the material, you can submit them online to our science experts. Use any computer or mobile device to access these resources, and when you're finished with the chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the properties, uses and structural formula of carboxylic and acetic acid
- Recognize the structure of the carboxyl group
- Analyze the acidity of carboxyl groups
- Use IUPAC nomenclature to name carboxylic acids
- Assess preparation methods for carboxylic acids
- Explain the uses of acid derivatives
- Define esterification and saponification processes/reactions
- Solve practice problems involving carboxylic acid nomenclature and reactions
1. Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses
We may not know it, but we encounter compounds called carboxylic acids regularly. These substances are in our kitchens and medicine cabinets and are used in various industrial applications. In this lesson, we will learn all about carboxylic acids.
2. Carboxyl Group: Definition & Structure
Without realizing, you may have already encountered a carboxyl group before when drawing his best friend, carboxylic acid. Learn more about the carboxyl group and its formula.
3. Acidity of Carboxyl Groups: Description & Analysis
This lesson will explain the acidic properties of carboxylic acids. First, we'll review the different definitions of an acid, and then we'll look at what structures within a carboxylic acid act as such. Lastly, we'll look at how strong carboxylic acids are.
4. What is Acetic Acid? - Uses, Structure & Formula
The sour and pungent smell of vinegar is because of acetic acid. Acetic acid is most well known because of its presence in vinegar, but it has many other uses. In this lesson, we will learn more about the structure, uses, and formula of acetic acid.
5. Naming Carboxylic Acids Using IUPAC Nomenclature
This lesson will help you learn the naming conventions for carboxylic acids using IUPAC rules. First, we'll discuss what carboxylic acids are, then we'll look at the IUPAC nomenclature, and name some examples.
6. Preparing Carboxylic Acids: Description & Methods
This lesson will explain how to prepare carboxlic acids using several common methods, including oxidation of primary alcohols and aldehydes, hydrolysis of nitriles, and carboxylation of Grignard reagents.
7. Acid Derivatives: Preparation & Uses
This lesson will focus on the synthesis and uses of various compounds derived from carboxylic acids. Primary points of discussion will include how a carboxylic acid must be first modified before it can derivatized and the various functional groups that can then be accessed from a common intermediate.
8. Esterification: Definition, Process & Reactions
In this lesson, we'll learn about esterification, which means we'll define necessary terms to understand esterification, explain the process that chemicals undergo to form esters, and look at examples of reactions that use esterification.
9. Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction
If you are in the soap making business, saponification is a very familiar process. Continue reading to learn about this organic reaction and its mechanism. Explore why this process is useful in making handmade soap.
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