About This Chapter
Overview of Human Growth & Development - Chapter Summary
Our instructors have developed in-depth video lessons you can watch at your own pace to build a quality understanding of theories on human and growth development. Exploring this chapter helps you gain insight into Piaget's theory of cognitive development, Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and stages of psychosocial development described by Erikson. Upon completion, you will be ready to do the following:
- List and describe the principles of growth and development
- Discuss human development theory pioneers like Jung and Piaget
- Explain Freud's psychoanalytical theory focused on development, personality, instincts and motivation
- Define and share examples of Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory of development
- Describe how evolutionary theory can be applied to instinctual learning
Every lesson in this chapter is accessible as video or transcript, enabling you to study using the format that best suits your study preferences. As you explore the lessons, feel free to check your knowledge of main concepts by taking our multiple-choice quizzes and broader practice exam. Questions that arise during your study process can easily be submitted to our subject-matter experts via the dashboard. If you need to study while away from your computer, enjoy mobile access that lets you access our resources on your smartphone or tablet!
1. Principles of Growth and Development
Is there a pattern to how human growth and development takes place? This lesson will examine some universal principles of growth and development in order to help you find the answer to this question.
2. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
3. Pioneers in Human Development Theory: Freud, Piaget & Jung
What were the first theories on childhood development? Here, we will look at Freud's theory that started it all and examine Jung and Piaget's theories that followed thereafter.
4. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
5. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
6. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
7. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
8. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
9. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions
Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.
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