Copyright

Ch 10: Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations

About This Chapter

This chapter is designed to help you review and learn new facts about various ancient civilizations. Use the lessons contained in this chapter to prepare for professional certification exams or reinforce your studies in a history class.

Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations - Chapter Summary

How did the Roman Republic rise and fall? What is the interesting history of the Aztec civilization? What was the culture of ancient India? These are just some of the details you will have the opportunity to explore when you use this chapter.

You will learn about what influenced the rise of these civilizations, what in some cases led to their downfall, what religions grew from these cultures and which forms of government they created. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Compare Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt
  • Name central figures and pivotal events of the Persian Empire
  • Describe the history of ancient India
  • Summarize the rise and fall of Rome and the Incan Empire
  • Discuss Mohammed, Islam and Muslim learning
  • Detail the economy, culture, religion and politics of the Mayan civilization
  • Provide details about the Aztecs

You can easily create a convenient and flexible study schedule with 24/7 accessibility to these video and text lessons from any device. Printable lesson transcripts make it possible to review material even when you don't have access to a tablet, laptop or other device. Take self-assessment quizzes to measure what you've learned and identify any areas in which you need clarification.

12 Lessons in Chapter 10: Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences

1. Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences

Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two of the earliest known civilizations. While maintaining individual identities, they shared several similarities and were responsible for several important technologies that we continue to rely on in one way or another today.

Persian Empire: History, Culture & Timeline

2. Persian Empire: History, Culture & Timeline

The Persian Empire was one of the first major empires in the ancient world. Meet major leaders and explore the history and culture of the Persian Empire in this lesson.

Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley

3. Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley

Although Chinese civilization developed along rivers much like cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the idea of royal power took a completely different direction. Learn how the Mandate of Heaven ruled all in Ancient China.

Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

4. Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

This lesson will explore the history of ancient India. It will focus on the Harappan culture, their mixing with the Aryans, and the beginnings of the Hindu faith.

Greek City-States and Governments

5. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

6. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

The Fall of Rome

7. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

8. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

9. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.

The Incan Empire: History & Fall

10. The Incan Empire: History & Fall

If we look at 15th-century Mesoamerica, we see that the fastest growing empire of the time was the Incan Empire. The Inca created an elaborate society, which, before it fell to the Spanish, was the largest nation on Earth, and it remains the largest native state to have existed in the western hemisphere.

Mayan Civilization: Economy, Politics, Culture & Religion

11. Mayan Civilization: Economy, Politics, Culture & Religion

In this lesson, we explore the Mayan civilization of Southern Mexico and Central America. A rich and culturally-vibrant civilization, its sudden disappearance from the annals of history have puzzled scholars for years.

The Aztecs: Civilization & Culture

12. The Aztecs: Civilization & Culture

A mythical origin, an intricate political and social system, impressive accomplishments, bloodthirsty gods, and a violent clash of two cultures - watch this video to learn more about the interesting history of the Aztecs!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support