About This Chapter
Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations - Chapter Summary
How did the Roman Republic rise and fall? What is the interesting history of the Aztec civilization? What was the culture of ancient India? These are just some of the details you will have the opportunity to explore when you use this chapter.
You will learn about what influenced the rise of these civilizations, what in some cases led to their downfall, what religions grew from these cultures and which forms of government they created. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Compare Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt
- Name central figures and pivotal events of the Persian Empire
- Describe the history of ancient India
- Summarize the rise and fall of Rome and the Incan Empire
- Discuss Mohammed, Islam and Muslim learning
- Detail the economy, culture, religion and politics of the Mayan civilization
- Provide details about the Aztecs
You can easily create a convenient and flexible study schedule with 24/7 accessibility to these video and text lessons from any device. Printable lesson transcripts make it possible to review material even when you don't have access to a tablet, laptop or other device. Take self-assessment quizzes to measure what you've learned and identify any areas in which you need clarification.
1. Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences
Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two of the earliest known civilizations. While maintaining individual identities, they shared several similarities and were responsible for several important technologies that we continue to rely on in one way or another today.
2. Persian Empire: History, Culture & Timeline
The Persian Empire was one of the first major empires in the ancient world. Meet major leaders and explore the history and culture of the Persian Empire in this lesson.
3. Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley
Although Chinese civilization developed along rivers much like cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the idea of royal power took a completely different direction. Learn how the Mandate of Heaven ruled all in Ancient China.
4. Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences
This lesson will explore the history of ancient India. It will focus on the Harappan culture, their mixing with the Aryans, and the beginnings of the Hindu faith.
5. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
6. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
7. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
8. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
9. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
10. The Incan Empire: History & Fall
If we look at 15th-century Mesoamerica, we see that the fastest growing empire of the time was the Incan Empire. The Inca created an elaborate society, which, before it fell to the Spanish, was the largest nation on Earth, and it remains the largest native state to have existed in the western hemisphere.
11. Mayan Civilization: Economy, Politics, Culture & Religion
In this lesson, we explore the Mayan civilization of Southern Mexico and Central America. A rich and culturally-vibrant civilization, its sudden disappearance from the annals of history have puzzled scholars for years.
12. The Aztecs: Civilization & Culture
A mythical origin, an intricate political and social system, impressive accomplishments, bloodthirsty gods, and a violent clash of two cultures - watch this video to learn more about the interesting history of the Aztecs!
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Other chapters within the Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086): Study Guide & Practice course
- Early American Civilizations & Colonization
- The American Revolution Basics
- Development of the Early United States
- American Civil War
- Industrialization & The Progressive Era
- Overview of America in World War I
- America in the 1920s & the Great Depression
- Overview of America in World War II
- U.S. Culture & Politics after WWII
- The Middle Ages, Renaissance & Reformation
- Revolutions & Imperialism
- First & Second World Wars
- Western Civilization after WWII
- Political Ideologies & Forms of Government
- American Democracy & Citizenship
- Overview of Federalism in the United States
- Election Process
- Overview of Theories of International Relations
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts
- Spatial Processes in Geography
- Human Geography Overview
- Human Influences on the Environment
- Microeconomics Overview
- Macroeconomics Overview
- Economic and Fiscal Policy Overview
- Overview of Psychology
- Culture & Cultural Change
- Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086) Flashcards