About This Chapter
Overview of Nuclear Processes - Chapter Summary
Our chapter on nuclear processes provides you with detailed lessons and quizzes to accompany them. Just a few of the topics presented here include radioactive decay, half-life and radiometric dating. When you complete all of the lessons in this chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss mass defect, nuclear binding energy and mass-energy conversion
- Outline the formula for disintegration energy in nuclear physics
- Identify the types of radioactive decay and their effects on the nucleus
- Explain the impact of radioactive decay on matte
- Detail the significance of half-life in radiometric dating
- Explore how half-life is used to calculate radioactive decay
- Predict the product of a nuclear reaction
- Describe the applications of nuclear chemistry
We've ensured you can review these lessons and quizzes at any time on your mobile device or computer. The video lessons included in this chapter may be watched in ten minutes or less, and they're coupled with helpful self-assessment quizzes. If at any time you need help along the way, contact one of our instructors by submitting your questions through the Dashboard.
1. Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy
When you hear the term 'nuclear power,' what comes to mind? Do you know where that energy and power is coming from? In this lesson, we are going to zoom in on the nucleus of a helium atom to explain how something as small as a nucleus can produce an extremely large amount of energy.
2. Disintegration Energy in Nuclear Physics: Definition & Formula
After watching this video, you should be able to explain what disintegration energy is and use mass-energy equivalence to calculate the disintegration energy in a nuclear decay reaction.
3. Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus
What is meant by the term 'radioactive'? In this lesson we will break down the three main types of nuclear decay particles and discuss their composition, their effect on the nucleus, and their applications.
4. Impact of Radioactive Decay on Matter
While you've probably heard of radiation, how much do you know about the types of radiation? This lesson will focus on alpha, beta, and gamma radiation and their impact on living and non-living objects.
5. Radiometric Dating: Methods, Uses & the Significance of Half-Life
Radiometric dating is used to estimate the age of rocks and other objects based on the fixed decay rate of radioactive isotopes. Learn about half-life and how it is used in different dating methods, such as uranium-lead dating and radiocarbon dating, in this video lesson.
6. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs
What causes a radioactive particle to decay? We'll never really know, but our best guess lies in probability. In this lesson, we are going to focus on the half-life, a way of measuring the probability that a particle will react.
7. Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction
When a radioactive particle gives off radiation, what happens to the particle? This lesson will explain the three major types of radiation and what effect they have on the decaying atom.
8. Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry
What can the sun do that we can't? How do carbon atoms 'date'? Are radioactive isotopes helpful in the medical field? The answers to these questions can be found in this lesson on the applications of nuclear chemistry.
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Other chapters within the CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide course
- Understanding the Structure of Matter
- Understanding the Properties of Matter
- Behaviors & Properties of Solutions
- Overview of Reactions in Chemistry
- Understanding Bonding in Chemistry
- Conservation of Matter & Stoichiometry
- Organic Chemistry & Biochemistry
- Energy Conservation & Transfer
- Radiation, Radioactivity & Nuclear Energy
- Electric Power Generation
- CSET Science Subtest 2 Chemistry Flashcards