About This Chapter
Overview of Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary
These lessons provide an overview of organic compounds, including topics like petroleum in chemistry, uses for benzene, the properties of mono carboxylic acids, the structure of aniline, and more. After completing the chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the different types of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons
- Discuss the types, structure, and uses of monohydric alcohols
- List the uses of ketones and aldehydes
- Describe the structure and properties of monocarboxylic acids
- Detail the chemical structure of amines
- Discuss the structure and uses of benzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, and benzoic acid
- Identify household products that contain phenol
- Discuss the ingredients that comprise Grignard reagents
In these short lessons, our subject matter experts teach you about organic compounds in an engaging manner. They provide lots of examples to ensure the material is easily understood. Take the multiple-choice lesson quizzes or more comprehensive chapter exam to test your knowledge, and contact our instructors if you have any questions.
1. Unsaturated Hydrocarbon: Definition & Examples
Hydrocarbons are compounds that only consist of the elements hydrogen and carbon. In this lesson, we will focus on one type of hydrocarbon: unsaturated hydrocarbons, and its three types - alkenes, alkynes and aromatic hydrocarbons.
2. Saturated Hydrocarbon: Definition & Examples
Hydrocarbons come in two varieties: saturated and unsaturated. In this lesson, you'll learn about saturated hydrocarbons and how to identify them. You'll also have the chance to test your new knowledge of hydrocarbons with a brief quiz.
3. Monohydric Alcohols: Types, Structure & Uses
This lesson describes the properties of monohydric alcohols. The classification of the structure of the alcohols is covered, as well as ways to synthesize the alcohols.
4. Ketones & Aldehydes: Structure, Properties & Uses
Ketones and aldehydes can be ingredients in some familiar products. This lesson will explore some of the uses of these organic molecules. It will also examine the properties and structure of both ketones and aldehydes.
5. Monocarboxylic Acids: Structure, Properties & Uses
This lesson covers the structure and properties of monocarboxylic acids. The preparation of monocarboxylic acids from alcohols, nitriles, and acyl chlorides is discussed. Practical uses of carboxylic acids as medicine and soap are also covered.
6. Amine: Definition, Structure, Reactions & Formula
What does the fried fish you eat and dog poop have in common? The answer is amines. In this lesson, we will learn about the chemical structure of amines and how they react.
7. What is Benzene? - Uses, Structure & Formula
Benzene is one of the most widely used chemicals involved in manufacturing products we use on a daily basis, such as detergents, plastic and rubber. In this lesson, we will learn more about the structure, formula and various uses of benzene.
8. Nitrobenzene: Structure, Formula & Uses
In this lesson, we will learn about nitrobenzene, an aromatic derivative of benzene. We will learn about its properties, how it is produced, and how it is typically used.
9. Aniline: Structure, Formula & Uses
Did you know that a chemical compound called aniline is necessary for the indigo color of our jeans? It is used in several other areas as well. In this lesson, we will learn all about the structure, formula, and uses of aniline.
10. What is Phenol? - Structure & Uses
A type of carbolic acid and aromatic compound, phenol is found in numerous household products, like aspirin and detergent. Use this lesson to gain insight about phenol, understand its structure, and explore its uses.
11. Benzoic Acid: Structure, Formula & Uses
Benzoic acid is a compound that is present in various products, ranging from food to cosmetics. Why is it found in these products and what is this compound used for? In this lesson, we will learn about the structure, formula, and uses of benzoic acid.
12. Grignard Reagent: Formation, Synthesis & Preparation
What happens when you mix a little bit of magnesium with a sprinkle of alkyl and dash of halide? You get a pretty famous reagent named a Grignard reagent. Learn all about Grignard reagents and how to make them.
13. Petroleum in Chemistry: Facts & Properties
From asphalt to chap stick, petroleum is a major part of your life. This lesson will delve into the chemistry of petroleum, examining industrial fractions, cracking and octane numbers.
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