About This Chapter
Overview of Plant Structure & Function - Chapter Summary
Develop your fundamental understanding of the structure and function of plants with the help of this chapter. Whether you are brushing up on these topics or learning everything for the first time, you can control the pace as you review lessons about such topics as flowering plants, angiosperms, phloem and xylem, soil nutrients, plant ages, and the functions of leaves. After you make your way through the entire chapter, you will possess the skills to do the following:
- Identify the structure of vascular tissue in plants
- Define lateral roots, primary roots, and root caps
- Explain the function of root hairs
- Point out plant stem structures and leaves
- Identify the female and male components of flowers
- Differentiate the types of seeds and fruit
- Determine the process of osmosis and how plants transport water and solutes
- Inspect the significance of nitrogen fixation
Since this chapter does cover such a multitude of plant topics, you may want to check how much information you are absorbing by answering our lesson quizzes. Each quiz remains focused on the materials covered only in that individual lesson. You will get your scores immediately after answering the quizzes, and since our quizzes are so lesson-specific, you will know the exact areas in which you need to study more closely.
1. Angiosperms: Characteristics, Definition & Examples
Flowering plants are also known as angiosperms. In this lesson, we will explore this vast group of plants to learn what sets them apart from other types of plants and how they survive.
2. Vascular Tissue in Plants: Function & Structure
Learn about plants' circulatory system in this lesson. At the end, you should be able to briefly explain the major differences between xylem and phloem, understand what they do, and describe how they can be used to identify different kinds of plants.
3. Root System Growth: The Root Cap, Primary Roots & Lateral Roots
It is easy to see some plants get taller, but it is important to know that plants must also have a strong support that we cannot always see. Root growth helps plants survive and can happen in two ways.
4. Root Hairs in Plants: Function & Definition
In this lesson, you will learn about root hairs, which are the structures that allow a plant to get water and nutrients from the soil. They are a delicate but necessary component of a plant's overall root system.
5. Structure of Plant Stems: Vascular and Ground Tissue
You can determine the age of a tree by looking at its rings. In this lesson, we will look at the basic structures of stems and explore what causes the rings in a tree trunk.
6. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
7. Flowers: Structure and Function of Male & Female Components
In this lesson, we'll look at the parts of a flower and learn their functions. These natural beauties provide indispensable services to the plants they adorn.
8. Seeds: Definition & Types
The vast majority of plants reproduce using seeds. In this lesson, you'll learn about the major categories of seeds and look at some examples of each type.
9. Types of Fruit: True, False & Parthenocarpic
Why do plants make fruits? What makes a fruit, a fruit? In this lesson, we'll discuss the purpose of fruit and the structures that make up a fruit, as well as differentiate between types of fruit.
10. Osmosis: Definition & Examples
Water moves across cell membranes by osmosis to try to equalize the concentration of solutes on both sides of the membrane. In this lesson, learn how osmosis works and examine some examples of its importance in biology.
11. Transporting Solutes & Water in Plants
How do plants move water and nutrients where they need to go? That's the question we'll be exploring in this lesson as we look at both xylem and phloem transportation systems and see how plants stay hydrated and energized.
12. Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement
Leaves produce sugars and stems; roots and fruits use these sugars for energy. In this lesson, we will look at how these sugars move throughout vascular plants, including the importance of phloem and the pressure flow hypothesis in the process.
13. What Is Transpiration in Plants? - Definition, Rate & Process
Did you know that plants 'sweat?' Transpiration is both an important and costly process for plants, and it requires that a delicate balance between it and other necessary cellular processes be maintained.
14. Stomata of Plants: Function, Definition & Structure
Did you know that plants 'breathe' through their leaves? Tiny openings called stomata allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular processes, such as photosynthesis.
15. Macronutrients & Micronutrients in Plants
Did you know that plants have to balance their nutrition with a healthy dose of macronutrients and micronutrients? Continue reading to learn about these two different types of nutrients. Discover what happens if plants are lacking some of these nutrients.
16. Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans
Almost 80% of our atmosphere is nitrogen, but we can't use it. We will look at how this unusable nitrogen is converted into a form we can use and why nitrogen is important to plants and humans.
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Other chapters within the BITSAT Exam - Biology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Biological Diversity in the Living World
- The Cell: The Basic Unit of Life
- The Cell Cycle, Mitosis & Meiosis
- Biomolecules & Enzymes
- Genetics & DNA
- Digestive & Excretory Systems in Humans
- Respiratory System Overview
- Body Fluids & Circulation
- Movement, Control & Coordination of the Body
- Human Reproduction & Development
- Photosynthesis & Respiration
- Plant Reproduction Overview
- Plant Growth & Movement
- Evolution Basics
- Ecology Overview
- Biodiversity & Environmental Issues
- Relationship Between Biology & Human Welfare
- Biotechnology & Its Applications
- BITSAT Exam - Biology Flashcards