Ch 28: Overview of Psychology

About This Chapter

Improve your understanding of psychology with this overview that includes personality theories, stages of memory, classical conditioning, psychological specializations, and more. These short lessons are a helpful tool for students preparing to take an exam or catching up on missed class time.

Overview of Psychology - Chapter Summary

The engaging lessons in this chapter provide an overview of psychology. You can study the five main specializations through which psychologists study behavior, complex processes of memory, and common theories of intelligence. You'll also review three main types of personality theories and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:

  • List five approaches that have guided modern psychological research
  • Detail how psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors
  • Recall approaches used to study the human mind
  • Provide an overview of the major human development theories
  • Explain how genes and the environment affect people
  • Discuss Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self
  • Give details about the brain's ability to automatically react to new stimuli
  • Define operant conditioning

You can choose to study all of these lessons on psychology in sequential order or just focus on the topics you need to review. Each lesson comes with a short quiz to ascertain how much of the content you can recall. Another helpful feature is the ability to print the quiz in worksheet form so that you can study offline.

12 Lessons in Chapter 28: Overview of Psychology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Psychology?

1. What Is Psychology?

Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.

The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method

2. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method

How do psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors? From formulating hypotheses to reducing biases, psychology carefully analyzes behaviors and their potential causes.

Psychological Approaches: Functionalism, Structuralism, Gestalt, Psychoanalysis & Behaviorism

3. Psychological Approaches: Functionalism, Structuralism, Gestalt, Psychoanalysis & Behaviorism

In this lesson, you will explore some of the popular approaches that psychologists use to help them study the human mind. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical

4. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical

Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.

Human Growth and Development Theories

5. Human Growth and Development Theories

This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.

How Genetics and the Environment Interact in Human Development

6. How Genetics and the Environment Interact in Human Development

Everyone is different. But what makes a person unique? In this lesson, we'll examine the way genes and the environment affect who a person is, including looking at the nature vs. nurture debate and looking at how nature and nurture influence one another.

Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

7. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views

In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.

Personality Theories: Types & Overview

8. Personality Theories: Types & Overview

There are many different types of personality theories. The following lesson provides an overview of the three main types of personality theories and presents an example for each theory.

What Are the Different Types of Intelligence?

9. What Are the Different Types of Intelligence?

Psychologists don't all agree on what intelligence is, a debate that has been going on since the 19th century. In this lesson, we'll examine some of the common theories of intelligence, including those of Binet, Gardner, and Sternberg.

Three Stages Of Memory in Psychology: Explanation & Summary

10. Three Stages Of Memory in Psychology: Explanation & Summary

Have you ever given thought to the fact that without memory, you would not know your own name, your address, or where and when you were born? Learn about the complex process of memory and take a short quiz to see how well your memory system works.

Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

11. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.

Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

12. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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