About This Chapter
Overview of the Chemistry of the Earth - Chapter Summary
In this chapter on the chemistry of the earth, brief lessons cover key topics like methods of separating mixtures in earth materials and chemical nomenclature for various inorganic compounds. Additionally, you can learn more about the kinetic theory of matter. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Discuss elements as the building blocks of matter
- Detail how chemical bonding forms compounds
- Explain how compounds are joined together to make mixtures
- Recall the four states of matter
- Discuss chromatography, distillation, and filtration
- Define gravimetric analysis
- Explain the rules for naming inorganic compounds
- Provide examples of an uncombined element
Our subject-matter experts present the information in these lessons in a way that is easy to understand and remember. If you find yourself struggling with a topic, you can use the Help feature to submit questions to the instructors. A helpful quiz is available to test your knowledge of each lesson, and the quizzes can be printed as worksheets for offline studying.
1. What Are Elements?
Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.
2. What Is a Compound? - Combining Elements with Chemical Bonds
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a compound is, identify compounds versus regular molecules, and describe the two types of bonding that form compounds. A short quiz will follow.
3. Creating Mixtures by Combining Elements & Compounds
Do you really know what's in your tap water? It's not just water - it's a mixture of many different things. In fact, most things are mixtures of different elements and compounds that are physically joined together.
4. The Kinetic Theory of Matter: Definition & The Four States of Matter
Everything on Earth is made of matter, but that matter isn't always the same. Matter can exist in four different phases, and the kinetic theory of matter helps us understand the differences between those phases.
5. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
6. Separation of Mixtures in Earth Materials: Methods & Assessment
The Earth is one giant mixture of multiple substances. In this lesson, we will go through the various methods that are used to separate the various mixtures obtained from the Earth.
7. Chemical Nomenclature for Inorganic Compounds
Naming inorganic compounds can seem like a monumental task, but if you learn some basic rules it isn't so difficult. This lesson will go over naming binary molecular compounds, ionic compounds, oxyanions and acids.
8. What is an Uncombined Element? - Definition & Reactivity
Elements are a lot like people. Some like to be alone, others like to live in groups. This lesson will examine uncombined elements, or elements that are not reactive, and why they are so.
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Other chapters within the HSC Chemistry: Exam Prep & Syllabus course
- Scientific Experimentation in Chemistry
- Chemistry Lab Equipment & Safety
- Measurement & Data in Chemistry
- Scientific Research in Chemistry
- Atoms & Molecules in Chemistry
- Properties of Earth Materials
- Metals Overview
- The Periodic Table Overview
- Measuring Amounts of Reactants
- Water in Chemistry
- Solubility of Water
- Specific Heat of Water
- Carbon & Energy
- Combustion Reactions & Energy
- Fossil Fuel Products
- Understanding Biomass Research
- Overview of Renewable Ethanol
- Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
- Radioactivity in Chemistry
- Indicators in the Acidic Environment
- Understanding Acidic Oxides
- Overview of Acids
- Acid & Base Definitions
- Principles of Esterification
- Chemical Monitoring & Management
- Chemical Monitoring in the Environment
- Industrial Chemistry Overview
- Shipwrecks, Corrosion & Conservation
- Biochemistry of Movement
- Biochemical Reactions in Muscle Contractions
- The Chemistry of Art
- Atomic Structure & Transition Elements
- Forensic Chemistry Overview
- DNA & Forensic Evidence
- HSC Chemistry Flashcards