Ch 18: Overview of the European Renaissance

About This Chapter

With these lessons, students can learn more about the tools they will need to enhance their knowledge of the European Renaissance. Working with this chapter can help students study for upcoming exams, prepare for discussions in class, and earn higher grades.

Overview of European Renaissance - Chapter Summary

High school students need to read and understand a great deal of information both before they graduate and as they move on in college or the professional world. This chapter provides students with focused training on learning facts and figures of the European Renaissance.

Instead of an endless chapter of information, the chapter has been divided into short, individualized lessons. Students have the option to review all of the lessons in order, but they can also pick and choose lesson topics in which they need the most assistance. The chapter menu provides a list of all lessons available, and since each lesson is only focused on a single topic, students can easily find what they need. After completing this chapter, students will be ready to:

  • Understand humanism in the Renaissance
  • Explain the origins of Parliament
  • Discuss Europe's economy during the Renaissance and the rise of banking
  • Explore the heresies of Hus and Wycliffe
  • Talk about the life and works of Michelangelo
  • Describe the significant of the Medici family
  • Discuss the Northern Renaissance
  • Expound upon England's Wars of the Roses
  • Give an explanation of the Reconquista and the Spanish Inquisition

11 Lessons in Chapter 18: Overview of the European Renaissance
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

1. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

As the power of the Church declined near the beginning of the 14th century, the study of humanism and the idea of individual independence greatly increased. Discover more about how disenchantment from the bubonic plague, the rise of the market economy, and the downfall of the feudal system prompted humanism, individual interests and independence, and creativity and helped usher in the Renaissance.

The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

2. The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

Italy's Medici family had a great deal of power and influence during the Renaissance period. Learn about the House of Medici and explore the rise and fall of a banking family. Become familiar with central figures in the Medici family, including Giovanni, Cosimo, Lorenzo, and the Medici Popes.

Michelangelo: Biography and Works

3. Michelangelo: Biography and Works

Michelangelo was a historic sculptor from Florence, born in 1475. Follow the biography of this prolific artist in his early work and apprenticeship under Lorenzo de Medici, learn how he produced 'Bacchus,' 'The Pieta,' and 'David,' and explore his complex relationships with the Sistine Chapel and the Roman Catholic Church.

The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy

4. The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy

The birth of parliaments involved the middle class in the government of monarchies, at least to some extent. Explore how monarchs consolidated their power by giving voice to the middle class, as well as by challenging the church and the aristocracy. Furthermore, learn various related definitions, including Renaissance, Feudalism, and parliament, as well as challenges faced by the church, the middle class, and the aristocracy.

The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

5. The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

Due to the increase in commercial activity during the Renaissance, the banking industry began to expand to make it easier for merchants to conduct business away from home. Learn more about the rise of banking in the Renaissance era, the Black Plague's impact, double system entry, and bills of exchange.

The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus

6. The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus

John Wycliffe was a revolutionary who utilized the words of the Bible to rally against church authority, membership, and traditions while continuing his practices through his followers, such as Jan Hus. Learn more about the the Renaissance heresies of Wycliffe and Hus, and understand their importance in history.

The Northern Renaissance

7. The Northern Renaissance

Many great works came from artists such as Erasmus, More, Durer, and Vermeer during the Northern Renaissance, which followed the Italian Renaissance. Learn more about the Northern Renaissance, understand how it spread from the Italian Renaissance, and identify the three main differences between the two movements.

France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War

8. France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War

The Valois monarchy rose to power following the conclusion of the Hundred Years War, rejuvenating French patriotism. Track the changes in militarism and feudalism in France, and how security was achieved through centralized government.

England's Wars of the Roses

9. England's Wars of the Roses

England's Wars of the Roses was a decades-long conflict fought between the York and Lancaster royal families. Explore the families involved, the history and outcome of the wars, and the belief in the divine right of kings.

England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

10. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

The Tudor household had five monarchs that influenced society, and played a role in the Wars of the Roses. Learn about the rise of their dynasty, their involvement with the Henrys, Award VI and Mary, and Elizabeth I, as well as the church.

Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition

11. Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Reconquista was an attempt to end Muslim control of Spain that led to the Spanish Inquisition. Explore this timeline of events, from the expulsion of Muslims and Jews to the rise of the Inquisition, that included the use of torture devices.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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