About This Chapter
Overview of the Reformation - Chapter Summary
Rediscover the beginnings and spread of the Reformation from Martin Luther's 95 Theses to Henry VIII's break with Rome and more in these short video lessons. Examine the state of the Catholic Church prior to Luther's actions and its reactions during and after the Reformation, and review the impact of these tumultuous years on society in general.
Our instructors will take you through these topics and more in small, easy-to-manage doses. You will find the following information contained in the videos:
- Practices and beliefs of the pre-Reformation Catholic Church
- Luther and the beginning and spread of the Protestant Reformation
- Impact of the Reformation on France and Germany, and the sack of Rome
- Henry VIII's break with the Pope and the Reformation in England
- Theories of Copernicus and Tycho Brahe
- Reign of Ivan the Terrible
- Reaction of the Catholic Church and the Council of Trent
- Impact of Protestantism and reformers on society and religious beliefs
Each of these lessons is presented by an acknowledged and credentialed expert, whose knowledge and experience is readily available to you if you have a question or require assistance. A quiz follows each lesson so that you can check your retention of the material, and the chapter tests allow you to evaluate your overall progress.
1. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
2. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
3. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
4. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars
The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.
5. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots
The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.
6. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church
This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.
7. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome
Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.
8. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe
Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.
9. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia
Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.
10. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
11. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
12. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
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