About This Chapter
Overview of the U.S. Legal System - Chapter Summary
Check out this comprehensive chapter to review the major aspects of the U.S. legal system. As you progress through these short and engaging lessons, you'll study the organization of U.S. court systems at the state and federal levels. The chapter was designed with simplicity and flexibility in mind, which is why we made it accessible on any computer or mobile device. To make sure you fully understand these legal concepts, simply take the included lesson quizzes and chapter exam. When you're finished, you should be able to:
- Explain the concept of dual federalism
- Interpret the supremacy clause
- Describe the structure of the U.S. federal and state court systems
- Define concept of the burden of proof
1. What is Dual Federalism? - Definition & Examples
A federal system divides authority between two levels, state and national--but who gets to do what? And how do we know? One doctrine, known as dual federalism, aims for a simple answer, but tends to find complexities.
2. The Supremacy Clause: Definition & Example
This lesson will cover the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution, which states that if a federal law and a state law come into conflict with one another, the federal law will take priority over the state law.
3. The State Court System of the United States: Definition & Structure
The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. Each state has its own set of state courts. This lesson explains state courts, including the structure and jurisdiction of state court systems.
4. The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels
The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. This lesson explores the federal court system of the Unites States, including its structure and jurisdiction.
5. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
6. Criminal Procedure Rules: Definition, Laws & Examples
In this lesson, you will be introduced to rules of criminal procedure. This lesson also covers the administration of criminal justice and provides examples of the application of the laws of criminal procedure.
7. Burden of Proof: Definition & Cases
Burden of proof refers to a party's duty in a criminal or civil trial to prove that a claim is true. This lesson introduces the general concept of a burden of proof, and discusses the related legal standards and Supreme Court cases.
8. Standard of Proof in Law: Definition & Cases
Standard of proof refers to the amount of evidence required to prove a legal claim or assertion. This lesson will introduce you to the different standards of proof and some of the cases associated with those standards.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 307: Advanced Criminal Law course
- Introduction to Advanced Criminal Law
- Jurisdiction & Evidence Within the U.S. Legal System
- The Bill of Rights & Constitutional Protections
- Elements of a Crime
- Types of Criminal Defenses
- Parties to Crime & Inchoate Offenses
- Criminal Homicide & Murder
- Sexual Offenses
- Crimes Involving Force & Fear
- Crimes Against Property
- Crimes Against the Public
- Crimes Against the Government