About This Chapter
Overview of World History Since 1945 - Chapter Summary
How did Europe rebuild following WWII? What conflicts marked the Cold War era? What technological advances marked the latter half of the 20th century? These are among the topics you will explore when you watch the lessons in this chapter.
You will have the opportunity to study major conflicts, notable achievements in art and science, social changes and political events that highlight the post-WWII era. Following a successful review of this material, you will be able to:
- Relate the political and economic reconstruction of Europe following WWII
- Describe the creation of the state of Israel and the country of Taiwan
- Discuss colonization changes in Africa, Asia and the Middle East in the post-WWII era
- Examine the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union
- Detail the history of the Space Race
- Provide details about conflicts such as the Cuban Revolution, the Bay of Pigs and the Arab-Israeli conflict
- Identify the impact of Gorbachev's policies in the Soviet Union
- Note significant advances and achievements in science, technology, politics, economics and art during the post-WWII era
Though covering a lot of history, the video lessons in this chapter are brief and easy to follow. You can pause and re-watch certain points of the videos, utilize a timeline feature that allows you to jump to certain topics or print and study lesson transcripts. Self-assessment quizzes measure your understanding of the material and your readiness in taking whatever exam you are preparing for.
1. Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect
In this lesson, we explore the measures taken by the United States to aid its European allies in combating the severe economic depression in Europe immediately after World War II.
2. Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the political reconstruction of Europe in the years immediately following World War II and the splitting of Europe between capitalist and communist states.
3. The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts
In this lesson, we explore the movements and political developments that led to the creation of the state of Israel and the subsequent backlash from the Arab world.
4. Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples
In this lesson, we explore the diverse and varied experience of decolonization in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa after World War II when Western Europe began to withdraw its claims to far away territory and colonies.
5. The Chinese Revolution and Creation of Taiwan: History & Timeline
In this lesson we explore the long struggle between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party before, during, and after WWII, and the subsequent creation of Taiwan after the communist victory.
6. Changes in Africa After World War II
In this lesson, we will examine changes in Africa following World War II. We will discover what factors led to decolonization in the wake of World War II, and we will highlight the central themes surrounding African independence movements.
7. Conflicts During the Cold War: Examples & Causes
In this lesson, we explore several of the world's conflicts in the second half of the 20th century that ended up becoming proxy wars between the United States and the Soviet Union in their Cold War standoff.
8. The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the 20th century's space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, where both superpowers competed to be the first in space and the first to reach the moon.
9. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline
In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.
10. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
11. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
12. Recent Developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Despite the 2000 Camp David summit, peace remains elusive between Israel and Palestinians. Problems include a second Intifada, safety concerns from Hamas and Hezbollah, Israeli retaliations that harm civilians, and the Gaza blockade and tunnels.
13. The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact
In this lesson, we explore just a few of the numerous advances and innovations made in the worlds of sciences and technology, from automobiles and televisions to computers and phones that can fit in the palm of your hand.
14. Social & Political Developments Since 1945
In this lesson, we examine several social and political developments in the United States and in Western Europe since 1945, from the civil rights movement to the creation of the European Union.
15. Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists
In this lesson, we explore the art and culture of post-World War II Western society, from the fledgling television programming to the disparate directions of 20th-century art.
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