About This Chapter
Parenteral Nutrition - Chapter Summary
This chapter breaks down the medical application of parenteral nutrition. Taught by professional instructors, these lessons go over key considerations to this method while defining related terminology. You'll find practice quizzes attached to each of these lessons that can help you make sure you understand them before moving onto the next. By the time you're through this chapter, you'll have bolstered your knowledge of:
- How parenteral transmission is defined
- How to administer drugs parenterally
- How TPN therapy works
- What distinguishes neonatal and pediatric TPN
- What the differences between TPN and PPN are
- How to make calculations involved with administering TPN
- What the potential risks and side effects of TPN are
- What guidelines need to be followed when working with peripheral parenteral nutrition
- How to use intradialytic parenteral nutrition
- What the nutritional guidelines of TPN are
- How to distinguish enteral nutrition from parenteral nutrition
1. Parenteral: Definition & Medical Uses
This lesson provides the definition of the word parenteral and discusses the most commonly used routes of administration that fall into that category. We'll also give examples of their use and application.
2. Parenteral Transmission: Definition & Exposure
Have you ever heard of the parenteral route? It is a way by which potentially deadly microbes may enter your body. This lesson describes this route as well as examples of how a person may be exposed.
3. Parenteral Drug Administration
In this lesson we will define the meaning of parenteral drug administration. Learn about the preparation, items, and methods of injection, as well as common locations on the body for administering each type of injection.
4. TPN Therapy & Treatment
This lesson will explain total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and discuss when this therapy is used. Learn to identify patients for whom TPN is appropriate, and common complications of the therapy.
5. Neonatal & Pediatric TPN
There are times when a patient is unable to eat or tolerate nutrition through the gastrointestinal tract for various reasons. In these times, TPN is needed to meet nutritional requirements. In this lesson, we will learn about neonatal and pediatric TPN use.
6. TPN vs PPN
TPN and PPN are two types of parenteral nutrition used to deliver nutrients directly into the bloodstream. In this lesson, we'll look at the intended uses of each so you can understand the differences between them.
7. TPN: Administration & Calculations
Find out how to get all your nutritional requirements when you cannot eat due to illness or disease. This lesson describes many adjustments that go into calculating a total nutritional solution.
8. TPN: Risks & Side Effects
TPN is intravenous nutrition used when no other option for nutrition is available. In this lesson, we will learn about TPN along with its possible complications.
9. TPN: Nutrition & Guidelines
During a serious illness or injury, one may not be able to take food orally temporarily. Full nutritional needs can be met intravenously with TPN, total parenteral nutrition. We will explore the nutritional content and guidelines for these IV feedings.
10. Peripheral Parenteral Nutrition: Definition & Guidelines
Discover how patients receive nutritional fuel when they cannot eat properly. This lesson describes how to safely deliver liquid nutrition into veins.
11. Intradialytic Parenteral Nutrition
Patients on long term hemodialysis often suffer from malnutrition. In this lesson, we will learn about intradialytic parenteral nutrition as an option to improve nutritional status in patients receiving dialysis.
12. Enteral Nutrition: Definition & Guidelines
When a person is not able to eat or drink, they are given nutrition through a method called enteral nutrition, or tube feeding. In this lesson, we will discuss important considerations to keep in mind when a person is on the various types of tube feeding.
13. Enteral vs. Parenteral Nutrition
Do you use enteral nutrition? Probably yes. Have you ever used parenteral nutrition? Not as likely. Confused as to what either one of them is? This lesson defines and compares the two.
14. What is Parenteral Nutrition? - Total, Partial & Peripheral
Parenteral nutrition is nutrition that is given into the vein instead of the stomach. This is used when someone is unable to eat enough nutrients. This lesson will discuss total, partial, and peripheral nutrition.
15. Metabolic Complications of Parenteral Nutrition
Parenteral nutrition is a method of feeding individuals who not not have a functioning digestive tract. This lesson will provide information about the metabolic complications of parenteral nutrition.
16. Enteral Nutrition: Types, Formulas & Calculations
What is enteral nutrition? What are the specific types and formulas used to feed enterally? How do you calculate how much and how fast to give enteral nutrition? Prepare to learn all about enteral nutrition.
17. Indications & Contraindications for Enteral Nutrition
Enteral nutrition is feeding by means of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Enteral feeding includes normal oral diet, liquid supplements and tube feeding. This lesson will discuss the indications and contraindications for enteral nutrition.
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