About This Chapter
Parliamentary and Presidential Systems - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In a parliamentary form of government, Parliament, which is a legislative body, holds all the power, including the naming of an executive leader, usually called a prime minister. This is different from a presidential form of government, which has a strong executive branch headed by a leader elected by the people. The lessons in this chapter examine both types of government and give you an idea of the powers held by Parliament and by presidents. After watching these videos, you'll be informed about:
- How the parliamentary form of government came to be
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of government
- What the president's cabinet does
- How a prime minister is appointed
|The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government||Learn about the organization of a parliamentary system of government.|
|Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President||Get information about how a presidential system of government operates.|
|The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy||Examine the powers of the president, the cabinet and the government bureaucracy.|
|The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet||Explore what a prime minister and cabinet do in a parliamentary form of government.|
1. The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government
In this lesson, we explore the parliamentary system of government and several of the European nations that employ the system, as well as the European Parliament and its constraints.
2. Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President
The following lesson discusses the seven roles that the President of the United States has. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
3. The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy
In this lesson, we will explore the relationships between the president and the bureaucracy. We will focus especially on the cabinet, independent regulatory agencies, and the Office of Management and Budget.
4. The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet
In this lesson, we will examine the roles and duties of the British prime minister and Cabinet. We will pay close attention to how the prime minister and Cabinet members obtain their positions.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP Comparative Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- Purpose of Government & Methods of Comparison & Classification
- Political Culture, Communication & Socialization
- Sovereignty, Authority & Power of Government
- Types of Government
- Belief Systems as a Source of Legitimacy
- Political Institutions
- Types of Legislatures
- Elections & Electoral Systems
- Political Parties
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- Military & Other Coercive Institutions
- Judiciary Branches of Government
- Citizens, Society & the State
- Forces of Political & Economic Change
- Democratic State Systems & Structures
- U.S. Public, Social & Environmental Policies
- Economic, Fiscal & Trade Policy in the U.S.
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
- The United States of America's Government
- Comparing the Governments of the US & Great Britain
- Germany's Government
- Russia's Government
- China's Government
- Mexico's Government
- Nigeria's Government
- Iran's Government
- AP Comparative Government & Politics Flashcards