About This Chapter
Parliamentary and Presidential Systems - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In a parliamentary form of government, Parliament, which is a legislative body, holds all the power, including the naming of an executive leader, usually called a prime minister. This is different from a presidential form of government, which has a strong executive branch headed by a leader elected by the people. The lessons in this chapter examine both types of government and give you an idea of the powers held by Parliament and by presidents. After watching these videos, you'll be informed and able to:
- Outline the history and structure of the parliamentary system
- Explain the roles of the president in a presidential system
- Discuss the cabinet and bureaucracy of a presidential system
- Describe the roles and powers of the prime minister and cabinet of a parliamentary system
- Compare and contrast the parliamentary, presidential and semi-presidential systems
- Identify the rules regarding executive term limits and removal from office
1. The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government
In this lesson, we explore the parliamentary system of government and several of the European nations that employ the system, as well as the European Parliament and its constraints.
2. Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President
The following lesson discusses the seven roles that the President of the United States has. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
3. The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy
In this lesson, we will explore the relationships between the president and the bureaucracy. We will focus especially on the cabinet, independent regulatory agencies, and the Office of Management and Budget.
4. The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet
In this lesson, we will examine the roles and duties of the British prime minister and Cabinet. We will pay close attention to how the prime minister and Cabinet members obtain their positions.
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Other chapters within the AP Comparative Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- Purpose of Government & Methods of Comparison & Classification
- Political Culture, Communication & Socialization
- Sovereignty, Authority & Power of Government
- Types of Government
- Belief Systems as a Source of Legitimacy
- Political Institutions
- Types of Legislatures
- Elections & Electoral Systems
- Political Parties
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- Military & Other Coercive Institutions
- Judiciary Branches of Government
- Citizens, Society & the State
- Forces of Political & Economic Change
- Democratic State Systems & Structures
- U.S. Public, Social & Environmental Policies
- Economic, Fiscal & Trade Policy in the U.S.
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
- The United States of America's Government
- Comparing the Governments of the US & Great Britain
- Germany's Government
- Russia's Government
- China's Government
- Mexico's Government
- Nigeria's Government
- Iran's Government
- AP Comparative Government & Politics Flashcards