About This Chapter
Pathology Overview & Vocabulary - Chapter Summary
Pathology is the medical science involved in the study of infectious diseases. This chapter allows you to study the different areas covered by pathology and some of the most common terminology used. The lessons cover cell death, tissue and gland pathology and how infectious diseases can enter the body. Take the lesson quizzes to quickly test what you have just learned. These lessons are highly adaptable and can be viewed on your phone, tablet or computer. When using these lessons, you will learn about:
- What pathology is
- How cell increases, decreases and adaptations are interpreted
- The terminology used to discuss tissue pathology
- How glands can be affected by disease
- What different routes are available for disease transmission
1. What is Pathology? - Related Medical Terminology
Have you ever wondered how your doctor knows whether or not that little dot on your body is cancer? Well, they actually don't know for certain until they converse with a pathologist about it. Find out what pathology is and what pathologists do!
2. Conversion or Decreases in Cell Type or Number
This lesson will discuss cellular changes in the body such as metaplasia, dysplasia, atrophy, aplasia, and hypoplasia. We'll talk about their meanings as well as some examples of why they may occur.
3. Cellular Adaptation: Increases in Number or Size
This lesson will compare and contrast different types of cell, organ, and tissue growths. More specifically, we'll cover hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and neoplasia.
4. Tissue Pathology Medical Terms
Our tissues can do a lot of weird things. They can become too specialized or they can become totally immature, and we have terms for all of this! In this lesson, we'll learn about anaplasia, prosoplasia, and desmoplasia.
5. Gland Pathology & Medical Terminology
Your body is filled with all sorts of glands and they can be full of potential problems. This lesson is going to define many pathologies associated with glands, including adenocarcinoma, adenoma, adenomalacia, and more!
6. The Different Routes of Infectious Disease Transmission
This lesson will discuss the different ways you can get sick. We'll discuss how pathogenic microbes can be transmitted to you or someone else as we explore horizontal and vertical transmission as well as vectors, vehicles, and fomites.
7. Medical Terms for Types of Diseases
There is more than one kind of illness, disorder, or disease, and each general class has a specific name. We'll define idiopathic, nosocomial, infectious, organic, functional, and iatrogenic illnesses and disorders in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the Health 103: Medical Terminology course
- Overview of Medical Terminology
- Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terms for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Vocabulary for Genetics, Cells & Tissues
- Terminology for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Medical Terms for the Skeletal System
- Terminology & Functions of the Muscular System
- Terminology for the Cardiovascular System
- Medical Terms for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathology, Diagnosis & Treatment
- Medical Terminology for the Urinary System
- Medical Terminology for the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment
- Medical Terminology Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terms Related to the Ears
- Medical Terms for the Integumentary System
- Medical Terms for the Endocrine System
- Medical Terminology for the Reproductive Systems
- Medical Terms for Diagnostic Exams
- Medical Terms for Radiology, Pharmacology & Oncology