About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Pathophysiology Basics chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| The fluid mosaic model;|
| The fluid mosaic model, cytoplasm, phospholipid bilayer, peripheral proteins;|
Cell organization in multicellular organisms, epithelial tissue;
Types of cell, tissue and organ growth
|Tuesday||Cell conversion; |
Causes of cell injury;
Physical injury to cells
|Dysplasia, aplasia, atrophy and hypoplasia;|
Ischemia, anoxia anemia and carbon monoxide toxicity;
Causes of physical injury such as exertion or electricity
|Wednesday|| Infectious injury;|
Other causes of cellular injury;
How a cell recognizes injury;
| Cell injury from bacteria, viruses or parasites;|
Other ways a cell can be damaged;
Ways a cell recognizes damage and responds
Irreversible injury and cell death
|What cell swelling indicates, how it occurs, vacuoles, ATP;|
Types of tissue swelling, causes and treatments;
Types of cell death and physical changes in dead cells
Vaccination and immunotherapy
|Why storage diseases occur, types and symptoms;|
Changes in the body after death, how time of death is determined;
How immunization works, types of immunotherapy agents
1. The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane
In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. We'll learn about the roles of the phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, proteins and carbohydrates.
2. Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium
In this lesson on multicellular organisms, you'll take a look at what it actually means to be multicellular and how cells are organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. This lesson also covers one of the four main tissue types: epithelial tissue.
3. Cellular Adaptation: Increases in Number or Size
This lesson will compare and contrast different types of cell, organ, and tissue growths. More specifically, we'll cover hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and neoplasia.
4. Conversion or Decreases in Cell Type or Number
This lesson will discuss cellular changes in the body such as metaplasia, dysplasia, atrophy, aplasia, and hypoplasia. We'll talk about their meanings as well as some examples of why they may occur.
5. Causes of Cell Injury: Oxygen Deficiency
This lesson will discuss how cells may be damaged due to various causes of oxygen deficiency. We'll discuss hypoxia, anoxia, ischemia, anemia, carbon monoxide, and cyanide toxicity.
6. Types of Physical Injury to Cells
This lesson will discuss some forms of cellular injury, such as trauma, temperature extremes, and radiation, as well as why cells are damaged in these events and how that may impact your body if the damage is severe enough.
7. Cellular Injury: Infectious Causes & Their Processes
This lesson will talk about how bacteria, viruses, and parasites may contribute to or directly cause injuries and death to cells, organs, and the entire body. We will discuss exotoxins, endotoxins, and much more.
8. Other Causes of Cellular Injury
This lesson will point out some ways that the cells in our body can become injured as a result of an aberrant immune system, dietary problems, and metabolic and genetic diseases.
9. How a Cell Recognizes an Injury
Cells can suffer damage resulting from infection, trauma, or injury. When this happens, cells must decide how to respond for the good of the body. In this lesson, we'll learn how a cell recognizes injury and uses apoptosis, necrosis, and other signals to die or even kill itself.
10. The Causes and Significance of Cell Swelling
This lesson will discuss the main manifestation of cellular injury, called cell swelling. We'll delve into exactly why this occurs as well as how ATP and fatty degeneration are involved.
11. The Causes and Significance of Tissue Swelling
This lesson will discuss the different types of swelling and growths that may appear in or on your organs and tissues. We'll cover everything from hematomas and seromas to cancer and splenomegaly.
12. Irreversible Cellular Injury and Death: Types and Causes
This lesson will discuss the different causes and types of irreversible cell injury. Notably, we'll focus in on the different types of necrosis that may occur in the body, their causes, and what they may look like.
13. The Consequences of Intracellular Accumulations
This lesson will discuss the basic concepts of intracellular, tissue, and organ accumulations, why they may occur and what they may cause. Lipid, glycogen, pigment, iron, and protein accumulation will be covered.
14. Common Postmortem Changes
This lesson will discuss four common postmortem changes. Namely, we'll look into algor mortis, rigor mortis, pallor mortis, and livor mortis. We'll talk about what they mean, why they occur, and how they might be used by a crime scene investigator.
15. Vaccination and Immunotherapy
This lesson will discuss the basics of how diseases can be prevented or treated using our own immune system's components. We'll talk about vaccination and immunotherapy as well as some specific examples, such as the BCG vaccine, monoclonal antibodies, and more.
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Other chapters within the Pathophysiology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Aberrant Immune System Lesson Plans
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia Lesson Plans
- Skin Related Pathology Lesson Plans
- Nervous System Injury Lesson Plans
- Major Nervous System Disorders Lesson Plans
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects Lesson Plans
- Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities Lesson Plans
- Respiratory System Pathologies Lesson Plans
- Important Renal Anatomy Lesson Plans
- Urinary System Diseases Lesson Plans
- Gastrointestinal System Conditions Lesson Plans
- Metabolic Derangements Lesson Plans
- Anemia Lesson Plans
- Hematological Maladies Lesson Plans
- Blood Cancers Lesson Plans
- Musculoskeletal System Alternations Lesson Plans
- Reproductive System Disorders Lesson Plans
- Electrolytes, Cells & Blood Proteins Test Results Lesson Plans
- Organ Function & Health Test Results Lesson Plans