About This Chapter
PECT PAPA: Analyzing & Interpreting Texts - Chapter Summary
Ease the process of studying for the PECT PAPA exam by taking advantage of video lessons designed to refresh your ability to analyze and interpret texts. After watching the videos, you will be prepared to answer questions that address:
- Finding cause and effect in a reading selection
- Identifying a reading selection's problem and solution
- Comparing and contrasting ideas in a reading selection
- Examining fact vs. persuasion vs. informed opinion in nonfiction
- Understanding how to challenge statements and opinions in a reading selection
- Identifying parts of an argument
- Evaluating reasoning and evaluating sources by relevance, date and credibility
Expert instructors provide a wealth of information on analyzing and interpreting texts to make sure you feel prepared for the exam. Watch the video lessons as often as you'd like to absorb the concepts in this chapter, and view them at a pace that's comfortable for you.
Objectives of the PECT PAPA: Analyzing & Interpreting Texts Chapter
In Pennsylvania, prospective educators who have not yet completed their undergraduate studies can take the PECT PAPA, along with the test corresponding to their specific area of certification, to receive initial educator certification. The exam consists of three modules that test your reading, math and writing comprehension. Topics covered in this analyzing and interpreting texts chapter are found in the reading module. In addition to watching the short video lessons to strengthen your knowledge of the subject, you can utilize full lesson transcripts with easily identifiable vocabulary words and video timelines to review specific concepts more effectively.
The reading module of the test is 45 minutes in length and consists of 36 selected-response items. All modules are taken on computer. You can take them individually or together as a single test. A traditional passing score on the reading module is 220; however, the Composite Score Option allows you to score less if you meet specific guidelines for all modules.
1. How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection
Cause and effect structures can be used to describe how an action takes place. This lesson will discuss how to find this structure within a reading selection.
2. How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection
Informational texts can be arranged in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify the problem/solution structure. We will look at key words used and an example that uses this format.
3. How to Compare & Contrast Ideas in a Reading Selection
The ability to compare and contrast the many ideas in one reading selection can be an overwhelming task. This video lesson gives a step-by-step method of how to successfully compare and contrast ideas in a reading selection.
4. Fact vs. Persuasion vs. Informed Opinion in Nonfiction
How do you know what to believe and what to doubt? Watch this video lesson to learn how to differentiate between facts, persuasion, and informed opinions.
5. Challenging Statements & Opinions in a Reading Selection
Do you accept everything you read as fact? Just because something is in writing, does not mean it must be true. Watch this video lesson to learn how to challenge a writer's statements.
6. Parts of An Argument: Claims, Counterclaims, Reasons, and Evidence
To effectively write an argument, you need to know the four basic parts. In this lesson, you will learn the definitions of the four basic parts and why you need them in an argument.
7. How to Evaluate Reasoning
Evaluating reasoning in an essay or article is an important step in critical analysis. Being able to judge if something is reasonable whether or not you agree with the argument will be our learning focus for this video.
8. Evaluating Sources by Relevance, Date & Credibility
Can you believe everything you hear? What about what you read online? Read this lesson to learn how to evaluate a source of information based on three criteria: relevance, date and credibility.
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Other chapters within the PECT PAPA: Practice & Study Guide course
- PECT PAPA: Meaning of Words & Phrases in Text
- PECT PAPA: Purpose, Main Idea & Organization of Texts
- PECT PAPA: Drawing Inferences from Texts
- PECT PAPA: Numbers & the Number System
- PECT PAPA: Whole Numbers
- PECT PAPA: Positive & Negative Numbers
- PECT PAPA: Integers
- PECT PAPA: Rational & Irrational Numbers
- PECT PAPA: Decimals
- PECT PAPA: Percents
- PECT PAPA: Fractions
- PECT PAPA: Exponents
- PECT PAPA: Linear & Nonlinear Functions
- PECT PAPA: Inequalities
- PECT PAPA: Basic Measurement
- PECT PAPA: Geometric Concepts
- PECT PAPA: Measuring Geometric Figures
- PECT PAPA: Data & Statistics
- PECT PAPA: Probability
- PECT PAPA: Problem Solving & Reasoning in Math
- PECT PAPA: Writing Structure
- PECT PAPA: Syntax, Grammar & Sentence Structure
- PECT PAPA: Spelling, Capitalization & Punctuation
- PECT PAPA: Writing Strategy
- PECT PAPA: Revising Your Writing
- PECT PAPA Flashcards