About This Chapter
Perceptual Processes of the Brain - Chapter Summary
While studying this chapter, you will heighten your understanding of how the brain perceives our surroundings. Included in these lessons is an explanation for why we become desensitized to stimuli as time passes. This chapter can also help you comprehend concepts of Gestalt psychology. After reviewing the lessons, you should be ready to do the following:
- Define sensory adaptation and habituation
- List the steps of the perceptual process
- Provide examples of perceptual organization
- Recall principles of Gestalt psychology
- Explain the law of proximity
- Define perceptual constancy in psychology
- Discuss how optical illusions play tricks on our perception
These lessons facilitate easy comprehension of ideas related to perceptual processes of the brain. Key words are highlighted in bold for fast recognition and review. A brief quiz is available to test your knowledge of each lesson, and the quizzes can be printed for use as a study tool.
1. Sensory Adaptation & Habituation: Definition & Examples
Ever notice how, after a while, a dark room seems less dark? Watch this lesson to find out about sensory adaptation and habituation, why we become desensitized to stimuli after a while, and what happens when things change.
2. Steps of the Perceptual Process
Did you ever wonder how we choose what we see? In this lesson, we will learn about the perceptual process. In the perceptual process, we will learn how we select, organize, and interpret visual information.
3. Perceptual Organization: Definition & Examples
Perception governs meaning, as it influences how we and others see the world. In this lesson, we'll talk about perceptual organization and explore some examples of how our brains organize what we see.
4. Gestalt Psychology: Definition & Principles
In this lesson, you'll explore the basic concepts and principles of Gestalt psychology. The word 'Gestalt' is a German word that means 'seeing the whole picture all at once.'
5. Law of Proximity: Examples & Overview
In this lesson we'll discuss the Gestalt principle of organization in relation to the Law of Proximity. This principle states other things being equal, objects that are near to one another are perceived as belonging together as a unit.
6. Perceptual Constancy in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Did you know that perceptual constancy assists you in identifying objects under changing conditions? Learn more about perceptual constancy from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
7. What Are Optical Illusions? - Definition & Types
In this lesson, we will explore the different types of optical illusions and discuss how they play tricks on our perception. Then you can test your knowledge with a fun quiz.
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Other chapters within the UGC NET Psychology Paper II: Exam Prep course
- The Learning Process
- Memory & Forgetting
- Thinking & Problem Solving
- Understanding Motivation & Emotion
- Determinants & Theories of Intelligence
- Determinants & Theories of Personality
- Research Methodology for Psychology
- Measurement & Testing in Psychology
- Biological Basis of Behavior
- UGC NET Psychology Paper II Flashcards