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Ch 68: Personality Components & Assessment

About This Chapter

Watch our video lessons to learn about personality and how it is assessed by psychologists. Learn about behavioral genetics and Freud's important theories.

Personality Components and Assessment - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our experienced instructors discuss the construct of personality, what it is, and theories of how it is formed. You will learn about behavioral and environmental contributors to personality. Freud's seminal theory of psychosexual development will be presented along with his theory of id, ego and superego and his theory of ego defense mechanisms.

You will also learn about humanistic psychology and its views of personality. Older, now outmoded approaches to assessing personality will be covered along with approaches in common use today, such as trait assessment testing. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Define personality
  • Explain the role of behavioral genetics in personality
  • Discuss Freud's various theories
  • Discuss Carl Rogers and his humanistic psychology therapy style
  • Outline the history of the study and assessment of personality
  • Describe trait assessment testing and its components

We use a series of brief but interesting video lessons to streamline your learning and make it fun. In addition to the video lessons are self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts. We'll highlight the key terms you need to know for quick reference. And if you wish to review a section in a video you can use the convenient jump feature in the timelines that allows you to find exactly the right place on the video that you wish to review. All of these lessons have been assembled by our knowledgeable instructors who are subject matter experts in their fields.

8 Lessons in Chapter 68: Personality Components & Assessment
Intro to Personality

1. Intro to Personality

You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Watch this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes them tick the way they do.

Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption

2. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption

Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.

Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples

3. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples

Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego and the superego.

Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples

4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples

Do you think that defense mechanisms are what happen in the football field and coping mechanisms are what a team does when the quarterback is injured? Think again. These are just two of the list of Freud's terms used to categorize how we react to life's curve balls. Watch this lesson to get the whole picture.

Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development

5. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development

Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.

Humanistic Psychology & Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality

6. Humanistic Psychology & Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality

Do ever wonder about the origins of contemporary therapy practices? This lesson discusses the work of Carl Rogers and how Humanistic Psychology developed into a therapy style that helps us try to find and reach that best version of ourselves.

Historical Personality Assessment: Humorism, Phrenology & Physiognomy

7. Historical Personality Assessment: Humorism, Phrenology & Physiognomy

Freud wasn't the first person to try to figure out why people do the things they do. All throughout history, scientific and philosophical brainpower have been devoted to figuring out how we end up the way they do. Find out more about the history of the study of personality in this lesson.

Trait Assessment Testing: Fundamental Attribution Error & OCEAN

8. Trait Assessment Testing: Fundamental Attribution Error & OCEAN

Do you know what 'OCEAN' stands for when it comes to personality assessment? This lesson includes the breakdown of all the traits used to assess personality. Which ones apply to you? Are you nervous and neurotic or open to new experiences and optimistic? Find out what this all means.

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