About This Chapter
Personality Disorders in Abnormal Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
We've all met people we might consider narcissistic or antisocial, but when do these characteristics actually become a personality disorder? In this chapter, our instructors will explain how personalities are clinically defined and how psychologists classify and diagnose such personality disorders as borderline, schizoid, and histrionic. At the end of the section, students will be able to:
- Discuss what a personality is from a psychological perspective
- Define different types of personality disorders, including identity and interpersonal, erratic, paranoid and schizotypal, avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive
- Explain the specific disorders that fall under these categories and describe their symptoms
- Talk about methods and challenges in diagnosing personality disorders
|Intro to Personality||Gain a basic understanding of how psychologists define personality.|
|Clinical Features of Personality Disorders: Identity & Interpersonal Difficulties||Learn about the two most common characteristics of personality disorders: chronic interpersonal difficulties and problems with one's identity of sense of self.|
|Cluster A Personality Disorders: Paranoid, Schizoid and Schizotypal||Explore cluster A personality disorders, including paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal.|
|Cluster B Personality Disorders: Erratic Types||Learn about cluster B personality disorders, including antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic.|
|Cluster C Personality Disorders: Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive||Discuss cluster C personality disorders, including avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive.|
|Challenges in Diagnosing Personality Disorders||Discover some of the issues associated with diagnosing personality disorders, such as gender or class bias in classification.|
1. Clinical Features of Personality Disorders: Identity & Interpersonal Difficulties
What makes some people unsuccessful at interpersonal relationships? In this lesson, we'll look at the interpersonal and identity issues that face patients with personality disorders.
2. Cluster A Personality Disorders: Paranoid, Schizoid and Schizotypal
What happens when people are paranoid, withdrawn, or weird? In this lesson, we'll look at the three cluster A personality disorders, which are characterized by odd or eccentric behavior and thoughts.
3. Cluster B Personality Disorders: Erratic Types
Anyone can feel a little emotional, but there's something wrong when a person's emotions are always extreme. In this lesson, we'll look at the four cluster B personality disorders which are characterized by erratic behavior and extreme emotion.
4. Cluster C Personality Disorders: Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive
Everyone feels shy or insecure from time-to-time, but what happens when you feel overly fearful all the time? In this lesson, we'll explore three Cluster C personality disorders, which involve being scared and too cautious.
5. Challenges in Diagnosing Personality Disorders
Personality disorders are some of the hardest psychological disorders to diagnose. In this lesson, we'll look at diagnostic challenges regarding personality disorders, including bias and overlap with other psychological disorders.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 106: Abnormal Psychology course
- Intro to Abnormal Psychology
- Clinical Research for Abnormal Psychology
- The Biological Model of Abnormality
- The Psychodynamic Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Behavioral/Learning Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Cognitive Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Humanistic-Existential Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Sociocultural Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Diathesis-Stress Model
- Clinical Assessment in Abnormal Psychology
- Introduction to Anxiety Disorders
- Mood Disorders of Abnormal Psychology
- Stress Disorders
- Somatoform Disorders in Abnormal Psychology
- Dissociative Disorders in Psychology
- Eating Disorders in Abnormal Psychology
- Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
- Substance Use Disorders
- Psychotic Disorders
- Cognitive Disorders
- Lifespan Development Disorders
- Factitious Disorders
- Treatment in Abnormal Psychology
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Abnormal Psychology
- Studying for Psychology 106