About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding personality or working with the various approaches
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about personality
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Personality chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Personality chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any personality question. They're here to help!
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How do behavioral genetics affect personality?
- What do the terms ego, id and superego mean?
- What are Freud's stages of psychosexual development?
- What is the humanistic approach to psychology?
- How are trait assessment tests conducted?
- What are some outmoded approaches to personality testing?
1. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
2. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption
Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.
3. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego, and the superego.
4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples
Do you think that defense mechanisms are what happen in the football field and coping mechanisms are what a team does when the quarterback is injured? Think again. These are just two of the list of Freud's terms used to categorize how we react to life's curve balls. Watch this lesson to get the whole picture.
5. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.
6. Humanistic Psychology & Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality
Do ever wonder about the origins of contemporary therapy practices? This lesson discusses the work of Carl Rogers and how Humanistic Psychology developed into a therapy style that helps us try to find and reach that best version of ourselves.
7. Historical Personality Assessment: Humorism, Phrenology & Physiognomy
Freud wasn't the first person to try to figure out why people do the things they do. All throughout history, scientific and philosophical brainpower have been devoted to figuring out how we end up the way they do. Find out more about the history of the study of personality in this lesson.
8. Trait Assessment Testing: Fundamental Attribution Error & OCEAN
Do you know what 'OCEAN' stands for when it comes to personality assessment? This lesson includes the breakdown of all the traits used to assess personality. Which ones apply to you? Are you nervous and neurotic or open to new experiences and optimistic? Find out what this all means.
9. Generation Y: Definition, Characteristics & Personality Traits
This lesson defines what is meant by Generation Y. It also gives examples of the characteristics and personality traits often associated with this group of people. After this lesson, test your new knowledge with our quiz questions.
10. The 5-Factor Model of Personality
Did you know that the 5-factor model of personality was the result of independent research conducted by several different researchers? Learn about the 5 factors of personality, how they are structured, and more.
11. Gordon Allport: Biography & Theory
Explore the life of world-renowned psychologist, Gordon Allport. Review Allport's impact on the field of psychology and personality theory. Additionally, understand the basic principles of Allport's trait theory of personality.
12. Gordon Allport's Personality Theory
Learn about Gordon Allport and his impact on psychology. Understand what traits and trait theory are. Explore different types of traits with some real life examples.
13. Conventional Personality Type
In this lesson you will learn about the Conventional personality trait. You will learn what characteristics define this personality type as well as how it relates to vocational decisions. Following this lesson you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
14. Identity Diffusion: Definition & Example
Identity is a state of being socially distinct from everyone else. Identity diffusion is a state of not developing or possessing a distinct identity. The work of James Marcia explores identity and identity diffusion.
15. Melancholy: Definition, Temperament & Personality Traits
Learn about the interesting history of melancholy and explore its current meaning in psychology. Find out what personality traits are associated with melancholy and the melancholic temperament.
16. Personality Psychology: Definition & Theories
Many people are fascinated by the characteristics that make each of us unique. Read on to discover the different theories of how personality develops.
17. Personality Theories: Types & Overview
There are many different types of personality theories. The following lesson provides an overview of the three main types of personality theories and presents an example for each theory.
18. Realistic Personality Type: Common Jobs & Overview
In this lesson, you will learn about the Realistic personality type and its application to career assessment. Following your completion of this lesson, you will be provided the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
19. The Ego: Definition & Examples
The ego is one of the three components of personality in Freud's psychoanalytic theory. Learn the characteristics of the ego in this lesson, and discover how it interacts with the other components of personality.
20. Ambidextrous People: Definition & Brain Activity
Ambidextrous people can use both hands equally well. But did you know this has also applies to their brain structure and brain activity? Learn about these and other facts associated with ambidextrous people in this lesson.
21. Types of Altruism in Psychology
Altruism has many psychological forms. Have you ever wondered why people give selflessly to others? In this lesson, you will learn the various forms of altruism and how they are portrayed in our everyday lives.
22. What is Anger? - Definition & Types
In this lesson we will learn about the complex emotion anger and the many different ways humans express it. Take a quiz after the lesson to test your knowledge.
23. What is Covert Narcissism?
In this lesson, you'll learn about covert narcissism and how it differs from overt narcissism. You'll also learn about its relationship to introversion and narcissistic personality disorder.
24. What is Xenophilia?
Compared to xenophobia, xenophilia may seem to be a preferable condition. However, xenophilia is not as healthy as it seems. In this lesson, you will learn how to define xenophilia and explore some examples of its positive and negative aspects.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Psychology: Help and Review course
- History and Approaches in Psychology: Help and Review
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Help and Review
- Sensation and Perception: Help and Review
- States of Consciousness: Help and Review
- Learning: Help and Review
- Cognition: Help and Review
- Motivation and Emotion: Help and Review
- Developmental Psychology: Help and Review
- Social Psychology Topics: Help and Review
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Help and Review
- Psychological Treatments: Help and Review
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement in Psychology: Help and Review
- Neurological Treatment for Psychological Issues