About This Chapter
Personality & Older Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Through video lessons and quizzes, professional instructors provide insight into personality as exhibited by older adults. Several key concepts are covered, from developmental models of personality to Freud's and Jung's theories. You'll gain an understanding of self-esteem, self-understanding and closely related ideas. Keep reading to see what you should know at the conclusion of this chapter. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- State what a personality is, and list the factors that influence it
- Describe the Havighurst's Developmental Task Model and the Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits
- Discuss personality styles
- Name the stages of adult development and identify formation based on theories
|Intro to Personality||Get an overview of personality and what it is.|
|The Different Factors Affecting Personality||Name things that influence personality, like cognitive development, physical status and social competence.|
|Havighurst's Developmental Task Model||Describe this model, including the six life stages from birth to death.|
|The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition, Lesson & Quiz||Describe this model, paying special attention to the concept of long-terms stability in dispositional traits; complete a quiz.|
|Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples||Name the five personality styles, with examples.|
|Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation||Explain the stages within the context of psychoanalytic theory.|
|Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory||Name and describe the stages in this theory.|
|Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development||Be familiar with Freudian concepts like instinct; unconscious motivation; id, ego and superego; and psychosexual development.|
|Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis||Outline the ways in which these theories diverge.|
|Carl Jung's Theories: Lesson & Quiz||Discuss Jungian concepts like anima and collective unconscious; take a quiz.|
|Self-Esteem||Define self-esteem and talk about the differences between self-esteem and the self-esteem movement.|
|Self-Understanding and Self-Concept||Describe these concepts, from 'I' to 'me,' plus the active, social and psychological selves.|
1. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
2. The Different Factors Affecting Personality
What makes you unique? In this lesson, we'll examine personality, and some of the factors that affect personality, including how a person's cognition, self-concept, and locus of control can affect how he or she approaches the world.
3. Havighurst's Developmental Task Model
You aren't the same as you were when you were a baby. Everyone grows and changes, but how do people develop? Watch this lesson to find out about Havighurst's developmental task model, including the six stages of life.
4. The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary
In this lesson, we will examine the five-factor model, including a look at each of the five factors and where the model came from. In addition, we will learn how a person's five personality factors will change over a lifetime.
5. Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples
Here we will examine the findings of Neugarten, specifically of how the aging process interacts with a person's personality. This interaction ultimately leads to successful or disorganized aging.
6. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
7. Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory
There has been a lot of talk about the development of children. But, do people continue to develop into their adult years? Psychologist Daniel Levinson thought so. In this lesson, we will look into his seven stages of adult development.
8. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
9. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
10. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams
In this lesson, we will be discussing Carl Jung's theories. Specifically, we will look at his theories on personality, dream analysis and the human psyche. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
11. What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It
Feeling confident about yourself is called self-esteem. During the end of the 20th century, a self-esteem movement was geared at making children feel good about themselves. But did it work? What really improves a person's self-esteem?
12. Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves
Answering the question 'Who am I?' can lead to a solid self-concept and self-understanding. Watch this lesson to find out more about the difference in these two things, as well as the factors that go into each of them.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults