About This Chapter
Personality & Older Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Through video lessons and quizzes, professional instructors provide insight into personality as exhibited by older adults. Several key concepts are covered, from developmental models of personality to Freud's and Jung's theories. You'll gain an understanding of self-esteem, self-understanding and closely related ideas. Keep reading to see what you should know at the conclusion of this chapter. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- State what a personality is, and list the factors that influence it
- Describe the Havighurst's Developmental Task Model and the Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits
- Discuss personality styles
- Name the stages of adult development and identify formation based on theories
|Intro to Personality||Get an overview of personality and what it is.|
|The Different Factors Affecting Personality||Name things that influence personality, like cognitive development, physical status and social competence.|
|Havighurst's Developmental Task Model||Describe this model, including the six life stages from birth to death.|
|The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition, Lesson & Quiz||Describe this model, paying special attention to the concept of long-terms stability in dispositional traits; complete a quiz.|
|Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples||Name the five personality styles, with examples.|
|Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation||Explain the stages within the context of psychoanalytic theory.|
|Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory||Name and describe the stages in this theory.|
|Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development||Be familiar with Freudian concepts like instinct; unconscious motivation; id, ego and superego; and psychosexual development.|
|Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis||Outline the ways in which these theories diverge.|
|Carl Jung's Theories: Lesson & Quiz||Discuss Jungian concepts like anima and collective unconscious; take a quiz.|
|Self-Esteem||Define self-esteem and talk about the differences between self-esteem and the self-esteem movement.|
|Self-Understanding and Self-Concept||Describe these concepts, from 'I' to 'me,' plus the active, social and psychological selves.|
1. Intro to Personality
The way a person behaves, thinks, and feels shapes their personality. Delve into how personalities are formed, and the differences between personality traits, disorders, and states.
2. The Different Factors Affecting Personality
Personality is impacted by a person's cognition, self-concept, and locus of control and these factors affect how they approach the world. Explore how openness, thoughts, and beliefs can affect and determine personality.
3. Havighurst's Developmental Task Model
Robert J. Havighurst is a renowned psychologist who proposed the theory of the development of humans. Learn about Havighurst's work, the different stages in life, and the development task model.
4. The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary
The five-factor model of dispositional traits was developed to classify the five types of personality trait factors. Learn about the definition/summary of the five-factor model and the impact of aging on the expression of dispositional traits.
5. Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples
Neugarten's personality styles illustrate the ways aging can interact with personality. Learn the definition of Neugarten's personality styles, and explore examples of the four types: disintegrated/disorganized, defended, passive-dependent, and integrated.
6. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
According to psychologist Erik Erickson, people go through eight stages of psychosocial development. Explore how these stages play a key role in forming a person's psychosocial identity and see examples of the different stages.
7. Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory
Daniel Levinson identified seven stages of adulthood, progressing through phases of stability and transition, known as Adult Development Theory. Learn the distinct stages following Doris as she becomes an adult, transitioning through introspection stages into middle & late adulthood.
8. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Psychologist Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory formed the basis for many current psychodynamic theories. Review Freud's theory, including his perspectives on instincts, motivation, personality, and development. Learn about Freud's ideas on the three levels of consciousness, id, superego, ego, and psychosexual development.
9. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Psychoanalytic theory examines how an individual's childhood experiences and subconscious influence personality development. Explore Freud's psychosexual theory and Erikson's psychosocial theory, which are two of the more prominent psychoanalytic theories. Compare the two theories to understand similarities and differences, psychosexual vs. psychosocial stages of development, and the analyses used in the theories.
10. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams
Carl Jung's contributions to psychology include the concepts of introverts and extroverts, the collective unconscious, and symbolism from dreams. Explore Carl Jung's theories on personality, the human psyche, and dream analysis.
11. What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It
Self-esteem is defined as your feelings for yourself as a person. Learn about the self-esteem movement, the link between self-esteem and challenge, and explore ways to improve self-esteem.
12. Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves
Self-understanding explores one's motive, while self-concept refers to one's own understanding of the self as a whole. Learn how these two concepts answer the 'Who am I,' question through the physical, social, competent, and inner selfs of our individual perception.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults