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Ch 22: Personality & Older Adulthood

About This Chapter

Watch the video lessons below to learn more about personality, personality theories, and the factors that affect personality, especially among older people. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Personality & Older Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Through video lessons and quizzes, professional instructors provide insight into personality as exhibited by older adults. Several key concepts are covered, from developmental models of personality to Freud's and Jung's theories. You'll gain an understanding of self-esteem, self-understanding and closely related ideas. Keep reading to see what you should know at the conclusion of this chapter. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • State what a personality is, and list the factors that influence it
  • Describe the Havighurst's Developmental Task Model and the Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits
  • Discuss personality styles
  • Name the stages of adult development and identify formation based on theories

Video Objective
Intro to Personality Get an overview of personality and what it is.
The Different Factors Affecting Personality Name things that influence personality, like cognitive development, physical status and social competence.
Havighurst's Developmental Task Model Describe this model, including the six life stages from birth to death.
The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition, Lesson & Quiz Describe this model, paying special attention to the concept of long-terms stability in dispositional traits; complete a quiz.
Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples Name the five personality styles, with examples.
Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation Explain the stages within the context of psychoanalytic theory.
Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory Name and describe the stages in this theory.
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development Be familiar with Freudian concepts like instinct; unconscious motivation; id, ego and superego; and psychosexual development.
Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis Outline the ways in which these theories diverge.
Carl Jung's Theories: Lesson & Quiz Discuss Jungian concepts like anima and collective unconscious; take a quiz.
Self-Esteem Define self-esteem and talk about the differences between self-esteem and the self-esteem movement.
Self-Understanding and Self-Concept Describe these concepts, from 'I' to 'me,' plus the active, social and psychological selves.

12 Lessons in Chapter 22: Personality & Older Adulthood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Intro to Personality

1. Intro to Personality

The way a person behaves, thinks, and feels shapes their personality. Delve into how personalities are formed, and the differences between personality traits, disorders, and states.

The Different Factors Affecting Personality

2. The Different Factors Affecting Personality

Personality is impacted by a person's cognition, self-concept, and locus of control and these factors affect how they approach the world. Explore how openness, thoughts, and beliefs can affect and determine personality.

Havighurst's Developmental Task Model

3. Havighurst's Developmental Task Model

Robert J. Havighurst is a renowned psychologist who proposed the theory of the development of humans. Learn about Havighurst's work, the different stages in life, and the development task model.

The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary

4. The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary

The five-factor model of dispositional traits was developed to classify the five types of personality trait factors. Learn about the definition/summary of the five-factor model and the impact of aging on the expression of dispositional traits.

Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples

5. Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples

Neugarten's personality styles illustrate the ways aging can interact with personality. Learn the definition of Neugarten's personality styles, and explore examples of the four types: disintegrated/disorganized, defended, passive-dependent, and integrated.

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

6. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

According to psychologist Erik Erickson, people go through eight stages of psychosocial development. Explore how these stages play a key role in forming a person's psychosocial identity and see examples of the different stages.

Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory

7. Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory

Daniel Levinson identified seven stages of adulthood, progressing through phases of stability and transition, known as Adult Development Theory. Learn the distinct stages following Doris as she becomes an adult, transitioning through introspection stages into middle & late adulthood.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

8. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Psychologist Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory formed the basis for many current psychodynamic theories. Review Freud's theory, including his perspectives on instincts, motivation, personality, and development. Learn about Freud's ideas on the three levels of consciousness, id, superego, ego, and psychosexual development.

Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

9. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

Psychoanalytic theory examines how an individual's childhood experiences and subconscious influence personality development. Explore Freud's psychosexual theory and Erikson's psychosocial theory, which are two of the more prominent psychoanalytic theories. Compare the two theories to understand similarities and differences, psychosexual vs. psychosocial stages of development, and the analyses used in the theories.

Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams

10. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams

Carl Jung's contributions to psychology include the concepts of introverts and extroverts, the collective unconscious, and symbolism from dreams. Explore Carl Jung's theories on personality, the human psyche, and dream analysis.

What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It

11. What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It

Self-esteem is defined as your feelings for yourself as a person. Learn about the self-esteem movement, the link between self-esteem and challenge, and explore ways to improve self-esteem.

Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves

12. Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves

Self-understanding explores one's motive, while self-concept refers to one's own understanding of the self as a whole. Learn how these two concepts answer the 'Who am I,' question through the physical, social, competent, and inner selfs of our individual perception.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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More Exams
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