About This Chapter
Personality & Self - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our professional instructors teach you what personality is and how it develops, according to theorists like Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud. Closely related to the subject of personality is the concept of self, which the chapter's video lessons also explore. You will learn how certain factors play a role in how we construct our self-image and sense of self. Once you finish the lessons' material, you should feel comfortable with:
- Defining personality
- Distinguishing between the id, ego and superego
- Understanding the executive and organizational functions of the self
- Explaining self-awareness theory and self-perception theory
- Identifying factors that affect personality according to Adler's theories
- Discussing Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Differentiating among psychoanalytic, social psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanistic and trait theories
Usually taking under 10 minutes to watch, our video lessons are to-the-point and engaging. Professional instructors guide you through key personality concepts by using real-world examples to ensure you understand the terminology and theories. We include a jump feature in the timeline so that you can review portions without having to rewatch the entire video.
Each lesson includes a transcript, which highlights key terms in bold for easy reference. The multiple-choice quizzes that accompany each lesson are a good way to assess how well you've mastered the chapter's material on personality and the self.
1. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
2. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego, and the superego.
3. The Self: Executive and Organizational Functions & Gender and Cultural Differences
How people view themselves has a lot to do with how they view the world around them. This lesson looks at the self, including its executive and organizational functions and gender and cultural differences in constructing a self-image.
4. Introspection and Self-Awareness Theory in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How do introspection and self-awareness affect the way we view ourselves? In this lesson, we'll look at the definition, examples, and effects of introspection and self-awareness.
5. Self-Perception Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you ever felt confused about what you were feeling? Self-perception theory offers an explanation for what people do when they aren't sure what they feel. In this lesson, we'll look closer at self-perception theory and some studies that tell us more about how we decide what we're feeling.
6. Alfred Adler on Personality Development
Psychologists have different opinions about what shapes someone's personality. In this lesson, we'll explore the theories of Alfred Adler, including the effects of inferiority complex, parenting styles, and birth order on personality.
7. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
8. Personality Psychology: Definition & Theories
Many people are fascinated by the characteristics that make each of us unique. Read on to discover the different theories of how personality develops.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Sociology (012): Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Sociological Research Methods
- References Sources for Sociology Research
- Organizing & Analyzing Research Information
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Beliefs, Attitudes & Development
- Deviance & Social Control
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Types of Communication
- Social Status & Stratification
- Sex & Gender Roles in Society
- Race & Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in American Society
- Families, Religion & Schools in the US
- Aging, Health & Family Issues in Society
- Social Changes & Cultural Variations
- Urbanization, Industrialization & Modernization
- Social Movements
- Racism, Prejudice & Poverty in the US
- Crime & the US Criminal Justice System
- Ecological Problems in the US
- Political & Economic Systems
- Population Growth & Trends
- MTTC Sociology Flashcards