About This Chapter
Pharmacology Concepts - Chapter Summary
This chapter fleshes out several concepts central to the study and practice of pharmacology. You'll learn about the classification of drugs as well as their effects and the ways they can be taken. Topics discussed include all of the following:
- Processing pharmacological information
- Forms of drug administration
- How drugs work within the body
- Terms related to drug application, reactions and interaction
The practice quizzes accompanying each lesson give you the opportunity to evaluate your knowledge on a topic-by-topic basis. These quizzes direct you right back to the relevant point of the lesson whenever you answer incorrectly, making for easy review. And if you're getting tired of the computer, you can also print them as worksheets for offline use.
1. Reading & Interpreting Pharmacological Information
It can be difficult interpreting the jargon on your prescription drugs, but in this lesson we'll outline what to look for and where you can go to find more information. This will keep you healthy and happy.
2. Routes of Drug Administration: Oral, Topical, Inhalation & Injection
The way by which illicit drugs can be administered or taken into the body are numerous. These routes include the oral route, transdermal, inhalation, and intravenous injection.
3. Types of Drugs: Classifications & Effects
This lesson will describe the six major classes of psychoactive drugs, give examples of substances in each class, and explain what they cause a person to experience in the short-term and the long-term.
4. Drug Interactions With Other Drugs & Activity Within the Body
Drugs can affect your body in quite a few ways. You'll learn about how they affect you and how they interact with one another to affect you by learning about tolerance, cross-tolerance, the additive effect, synergism, potentiation, and antagonism.
5. Terminology of Drug Use, Reactions & Interactions
Do you read drug labels? Do you know why they exist? Drugs interact and react in odd ways, so it pays to read them and be safe. This lesson defines some drug reactions, interactions, and other terms.
6. Generic Drugs: Definition & Advantages
A common debate: generic or brand name drug! Which is better? What is the difference? Do generics really stand up to the power of a brand name drug? Keep reading to find out the advantages of generic drugs and how they are approved!
7. The Purpose of Clinical Trials
Clinical trials are used to assess the safety and effectiveness of new treatment options. This lesson will discuss the purpose of clinical trials and will end with a short quiz to see what you have learned.
8. The Five Phases of Human Clinical Trials
Human clinical trials help us understand the effectiveness of a treatment. This lesson will discuss the five phases of human clinical trials and will end with a brief quiz to test what you have learned.
9. How to Determine Sample Size
How many subjects should a researcher use in his or her experiment? In this lesson, we'll examine the elements that go into sample size, including how to figure out how big a sample should be and what real-world issues influence sample size.
10. How the FDA Approves New Drugs
In this lesson, you'll meet Nancy the Nose Spray and learn about the long journey she must take - from her birth to her early years as a fledgling prescription drug, and finally to a seasoned, over-the-counter medication.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the TExES Health Science 6-12 (273): Practice & Study Guide course
- Historic Trends & Societal Impact of Healthcare
- Math Applications in Health Care Science
- Applying Academic Skills in Health Science
- Medical Abbreviations, Acronyms & Symbols
- Forming Medical Terms
- Researching & Communicating Medical Terminology
- Basic Anatomy & Physiology of the Human Body
- Intro to Systems of Anatomy & Physiology
- Basic Stages of Human Development
- Reemerging Health Technologies
- Microorganisms & Human Health
- Microbiology Laboratory Techniques
- Overview of Diseases & Pathogens
- Pathogenesis, Disease Prevention & Control
- Healthcare & the Aging Process
- Nutritional Information & Needs
- Issues & Disorders Related to Nutrition
- Therapeutic Concepts of Nutrition
- Mental Health Concepts
- Preventative Health Behaviors
- Skills & Role of a Health Care Worker
- Safety & Precautions for Health Care Workers
- Communication in Health Care
- Teamwork in the Workplace
- Career Planning in the Health Care Field
- Ethical Responsibilities of Health Care Workers
- TExES Health Science 6-12 Flashcards