About This Chapter
Pharmacology & Physiology - Chapter Summary
These study tools examine the physiological effects that drugs and medications have on the human body. You'll take a look at the pharmacology of several systems in the human body and study the physical ways in which humans are administered medications.
You'll start the chapter from your course Dashboard, which allows you to work through the chapter in sequence or jump to topics that interest you. The lessons come with self-assessment quizzes so you can make sure you fully understand the material. If anything is unclear to you, feel free to reach out to our expert instructors who will be happy to answer your questions. You can also access the online material whenever it's convenient and wherever you are.
How It Helps
These lessons are designed to help any student or healthcare professional who needs supplemental information about pharmacology and physiology. Current or aspiring pharmacology students can use the chapter material for test preparation, homework help and class project purposes. Healthcare professionals looking to transition into the pharmacology field can study the resources to gain a competitive advantage. If you need to take a continuing education or training course in pharmacology, these lessons also provide quick and easy test preparation.
By The end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Understand the pharmacology of the respiratory, cardiovascular and endocrine systems
- Assess the pharmacology of the human nervous systems, including the central, autonomic and adrenergic nervous systems
- Describe ocular pharmacology, medications, pharmacokinetics and drug delivery systems
- Explain pharmacology for elderly patients
- Comprehend the functionality of receptors in pharmacology
- Outline drug administration routes, including oral, injection, topical and inhalation routes
1. Central Nervous System Pharmacology
The most important parts of your body are related to the central nervous system, but they can suffer from various disorders. Learn what this system is and a bit about the disorders it may have, as well as the pharmacology behind treatment for these disorders.
2. Autonomic Nervous System Pharmacology
Like the dishwasher automatically washes your dishes, your brain automatically does things for you as well. Find out how this is so and how medications can influence the systems responsible.
3. Pharmacology of the Endocrine System
Your body would cease to function without the endocrine system. This lesson describes what this system is as well as examples of the pharmacology related to it.
4. Pharmacology of the Cardiovascular System
A healthy cardiovascular system is essential to overall health and wellness. This lesson outlines some of the most common cardiovascular disorders and the medications used to manage them.
5. Respiratory System Pharmacology
The respiratory system is a highly dynamic and complex collection of organs. This lesson serves to introduce some basic concepts related to disorders affecting this system and potential therapeutic measures thereof.
6. Adrenergic System: Definition, Stimulation & Effects
The adrenergic system involves a lot of nerves, hormones, neurotransmitters, tissues, and organs. Learn about the important fundamentals behind this system and what it does.
7. Ocular Pharmacology & Pharmacokinetics
The human eye is a complex structure and requires complex medications to treat conditions. In this lesson, we will learn about ocular medications and the pharmacology of them.
8. Ocular Drug Delivery Systems & Medications
This lesson goes over several ways by which drugs can be delivered to the eye, including topically, systemically, intravitreally, and intracamerally. You'll then learn the names and purposes of several of these drugs.
9. Geriatric Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapy
Have you ever wondered what changes occur in our body as we age, and how those changes translate to the use of medications? This lesson goes over a wide variety of such changes and their effects.
10. Receptors in Pharmacology
This lesson will explain the fundamental nature of how drugs exert their effects on the body, if the same drug can have different effects on the body, and why side effects occur in the context of this all.
11. Routes of Drug Administration: Oral, Topical, Inhalation & Injection
The way by which illicit drugs can be administered or taken into the body are numerous. These routes include the oral route, transdermal, inhalation, and intravenous injection.
12. Physiological vs. Psychological Drug Tolerance
In this lesson, we are going to look at physiological as well as psychological drug tolerance. We will cover how these two types of drug tolerance develop and go over the similarities and differences.
13. Pharmacokinetic vs. Pharmacodynamic Tolerance
We are going to look at what is happening in the body when we notice the development of drug tolerance. This lesson is going to discuss pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic tolerances as well as their similarities and differences.
14. Glucagon vs. Insulin: Functions & Feedback Loop
Have you ever wondered how sugar from your food gets into your cells? In this lesson, we'll be learning about how two hormones, insulin and glucagon, work together to regulate your blood sugar levels to keep your cells working properly.
15. Melatonin Supplements: Definition, Uses & Side Effects
Feeling tired? Well, it's probably because your melatonin levels are rising, but that's not the case for everyone! In this lesson learn all about the uses for melatonin supplementation, and the side effects such supplementation can prompt.
16. Melatonin Mechanism of Action
Melatonin is a supplement that can help with insomnia without side effects like sleeping pills have. In this lesson we will learn about how melatonin works.
17. What is Depyrogenation? - Definition & Methods
This lesson explains to you something known as pyrexia, pyrogens, and depyrogenation. Then you'll learn about the main method of depyrogenation as well as some alternative ones as well.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Pharmacology course
- History & Types of Pharmacology
- Basics of Pharmacology
- Formulas & Calculations for Pharmacology
- Dosage Analysis in Pharmacology
- Respiratory Medications
- Endocrine System Medications
- Therapeutic Responses in Pharmacology
- Stimulants & Pharmacology
- Medicinal Herbology
- Alternative Medicine & Pharmacology
- Alternative Medicine for Digestive Issues
- Reproductive Health & Pharmacology
- Cancer, Abnormal Cells & Pharmacology
- 5-HT3 Antagonist Drugs
- Anorectic Medications
- Medications for Colds & Coughs
- Medications for Infection Control
- Understanding & Administering Doxycycline
- Anticonvulsant Medications
- Overview of Antihistamines
- Understanding & Administering Loratadine
- Overview of Cholinergic Drugs
- GABA Analogue Medications
- Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
- Sodium Channel Blockers
- Understanding Steroids
- Uric Acid Reducers
- Anesthesia & Pharmacology