About This Chapter
Philosophical Ideas - Chapter Summary
This chapter presents you with short lessons to help jar your memory of philosophical ideas. You will be reminded of subjects such as the beliefs, traditions, and concepts of ancient philosophy. Other subjects in this chapter include the following:
- Traditions, culture, and writings of western philosophy
- Important concepts, regions, and culture of eastern philosophy
- Summary of analytical and continental philosophy
The quizzes at the end of the lessons can be taken to help you measure your understanding of the concepts. Each lesson was prepared by our expert instructors. Any questions you have about the chapter can be sent to the instructors via the Help tab.
1. Ancient Philosophy: Key Concepts & Beliefs
Philosophy in many ways can be seen as an ongoing argument between different schools of thought about the nature of existence and knowledge. Ancient philosophers are often divided into competing schools such as Sophism, Platonism, Epicureanism, and Stoicism.
2. Western Philosophy: Key Concepts & Beliefs
Since the Middle Ages, Western Philosophy has built on the ideas of the ancient philosophers and developed new approaches including Scholasticism, Neo-Platonism, and Rationalism.
3. Eastern Philosophy: Key Concepts & Beliefs
Eastern philosophical traditions, which sprang from the Middle East, India, and China, among other places, have become increasingly influential in the west, challenging many of the assumptions Western Philosophy.
4. Contemporary Philosophy: Analytical and Continental Philosophy
Contemporary philosophy is often described as divided into two camps: continental and analytic. Though some dispute the usefulness of these terms, they do provide a good understanding for different approaches to philosophy.
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