About This Chapter
Philosophical Influences on Psychology - Chapter Summary
Ensure you have a comprehensive understanding of philosophical influences on psychology by taking advantage of the expert instruction in this chapter. Entertaining lessons provide in-depth explanations of stoicism, the clockwork universe, Auguste Comte, empiricism and more. Review these lessons at a comfortable pace, and take accompanying quizzes to test your comprehension. If you have questions about specific lesson topics, be sure to send them to our experts. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Analyze the birth of philosophy
- Outline the history, timeline and influence of Greek philosophy
- Summarize the Renaissance and the development of psychology
- Dissect early modern rationalism
- Evaluate dualism and early psychological thought
- Explain John Locke's theory of empiricism
- Survey George Berkeley's and David Hume's thoughts on empiricism
- Consider the history and theories of British Associationism
1. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
2. Greek Philosophy: History, Influence & Timeline
Considered to be the founders of philosophy, the ancient Greeks used reason and observation to find the answers to life's big questions. In this lesson, we'll examine some of the major figures of ancient Greek philosophy.
3. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
4. The Renaissance & the Development of Psychology
The history of modern psychology did not start in the twentieth century but during the Renaissance period. This lesson discusses the periods of the Renaissance, considers how thought changed during these periods, and lists principle characters in the history of psychology.
5. The Clockwork Universe & Psychology: Mechanism, Determinism & Reductionism
There are many theories about how the universe works and continues to function. In this lesson, we'll look at the clockwork universe theory and how it applies to psychology through the concepts of mechanism, reductionism, and determinism.
6. Early Modern Rationalism: Descartes & Leibniz
Consider what early rationalists thought about knowledge, the human mind, and the human body. Recognize how they differed from their empiricist counterparts and what meaning they gave to consciousness.
7. Dualism and Early Psychological Thought
Sometimes it can feel like your mind and body are completely separate from each other. Watch this lesson to find out about what the philosopher Descartes termed dualism, including its relationship to psychology and the types of dualism.
8. Auguste Comte: Theories & Contributions to Sociology
How did a college dropout with a history of mental illness become one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th century? Read this lesson to find out about Auguste Comte and his ideas about sociology and positivism.
9. John Locke's Theory of Empiricism
What makes a claim of truth legitimate? Look at what philosopher John Locke has to say about this topic and what he considers to be central to the development of knowledge.
10. George Berkeley on Empiricism & Idealism
What if the objects around you are really just ideas and not physical matter? In this lesson, see how George Berkeley argued for this view and what motivated him to make such a claim.
11. Empiricism & David Hume
Learn why David Hume took an interest in the perceptions of the mind and what kind of approach he used to understand it. Consider what philosophical questions were important to him and which ones he had no interest in pursuing.
12. British Associationism: History, Theories & Examples
How do people gain knowledge and understanding of their environment? This lesson will discuss this question as asked by the British associationists, who they were, how they contributed to the theory and what associationism is.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312