About This Chapter
Philosophical Theories Behind the Justice System - Chapter Summary
Use any computer or mobile device to access this chapter and study the psychological theories behind the justice system. Using a simplified and engaging teaching style, our instructors show you different viewpoints on concepts like punishment, reward, the morality of deterrence, social justice and civil rights. You'll also summarize justice-related theories from important thinkers throughout history. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and we've included self-assessment quizzes to help you see how well you understand the information. When you're finished working through the chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain how justice relates to punishment and reward
- Assess several reward and punishment theories
- Evaluate concepts related to the morality of deterrence
- Compare Plato and Aristotle's views on social justice
- Describe the social contract according to Locke, Hume and Hobbes
- Discuss 'A Theory of Justice' by John Rawls
- Summarize the history of Jim Crow laws and the origins of civil rights
1. Justice's Relation to Reward & Punishment
In this lesson, explore the concept of justice as it relates to both rewards and punishments, and discover theories used by modern justice systems. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Theories of Reward & Punishment: Retribution, Utilitarianism & Restitution
How a society handles justice and punishment is an important decision. In this lesson, you will explore three primary philosophies of justice, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. The Morality of Deterrence: Forms, Limits & Acceptability
In this lesson, you will explore the concept of deterrence and discover the multiple ways that this idea has been used. Then, you'll be able to test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Plato & Aristotle on Social Justice
Go back in time over 2,000 years to consider how justice was understood in ancient Greek society by the philosophers Plato and Aristotle. See how their views compare to one another and to our views of what makes a society just.
5. The Social Contract According to Hobbes, Hume & Locke
Have you ever wondered why human beings are willing to live by the laws of a governmental system? In this lesson, consider questions about what life would be like without government and how human beings may have come to agree to live in a society of rules.
6. John Rawls' 'A Theory of Justice'
Does your position in society affect how you think about justice? This lesson looks at a thought experiment proposed by John Rawls that involves imagining social justice from a new perspective.
7. What Are Jim Crow Laws? - Definition, Examples & History
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in effect from 1876 to 1965 in the United States. Learn more about the definition and history of this term, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
8. The Origins of Civil Rights: History & Overview
Most people know that a major victory for civil rights was won when the slaves were freed after the American Civil War, but that was just the beginning. In this lesson, we'll look at civil rights and the Civil Rights Movement in America.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 102: Ethics in America course
- Introduction to the Study of Morality
- Moral Belief Systems Overview
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics & Philosophy
- Morality in Western Religion
- Natural & Moral Law Theories
- Consequentialist vs. Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Ethical Issues in Life & Death
- Economic Inequality & Morality
- Moral & Ethical Issues in Peacetime vs. War
- Human Rights Ethics & Morals
- Ethical Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Bioethics Impact on Medicine & Morality
- Ethics & Morality in Business
- The Environment & Ethics