About This Chapter
Philosophical Theory & the Justice System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The system of justice operates based upon a foundation of philosophical theory. Philosophy has influenced the methods of reward and punishment along with forms off deterrence. The chapter lessons will cover a history of philosophy and the justice system. Take the lesson quizzes and feel free to contact a knowledgeable instructor with any questions you may have. These lessons cover information on such things as:
- Specific philosophers and justice
- Some theories on reward and punishment
- The effectiveness of deterrence
- A Theory of Justice
|Justice's Relation to Reward & Punishment||Identify how reward, punishment and justice are intertwined.|
|Theories of Reward & Punishment: Retribution, Utilitarianism & Restitution||Examine the three theories of reward and punishment.|
|The Morality of Deterrence: Forms, Limits & Acceptability||Learn about the concept of deterrence.|
|Plato & Aristotle on Social Justice||Differentiate between the views of Plato and Aristotle.|
|The Social Contract According to Hobbes, Humes & Locke||Compare and contrast the opinions of Hobbes, Locke, and Humes on the social contract.|
|John Rawls' 'A Theory of Justice'||Look at 'A Theory of Justice' to determine what he believed about social justice.|
|What are Jim Crow Laws? - Definition, Examples & History||Define this term and understand its history.|
|The Origins of Civil Rights: History & Overview||Explore the history of the civil rights movement in the U.S.|
1. Justice's Relation to Reward & Punishment
In this lesson, explore the concept of justice as it relates to both rewards and punishments, and discover theories used by modern justice systems. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Theories of Reward & Punishment: Retribution, Utilitarianism & Restitution
How a society handles justice and punishment is an important decision. In this lesson, you will explore three primary philosophies of justice, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. The Morality of Deterrence: Forms, Limits & Acceptability
In this lesson, you will explore the concept of deterrence and discover the multiple ways that this idea has been used. Then, you'll be able to test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Plato & Aristotle on Social Justice
Go back in time over 2,000 years to consider how justice was understood in ancient Greek society by the philosophers Plato and Aristotle. See how their views compare to one another and to our views of what makes a society just.
5. The Social Contract According to Hobbes, Hume & Locke
Have you ever wondered why human beings are willing to live by the laws of a governmental system? In this lesson, consider questions about what life would be like without government and how human beings may have come to agree to live in a society of rules.
6. John Rawls' 'A Theory of Justice'
Does your position in society affect how you think about justice? This lesson looks at a thought experiment proposed by John Rawls that involves imagining social justice from a new perspective.
7. What Are Jim Crow Laws? - Definition, Examples & History
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in effect from 1876 to 1965 in the United States. Learn more about the definition and history of this term, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
8. The Origins of Civil Rights: History & Overview
Most people know that a major victory for civil rights was won when the slaves were freed after the American Civil War, but that was just the beginning. In this lesson, we'll look at civil rights and the Civil Rights Movement in America.
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