About This Chapter
Phonics & Fluency- Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter will help you understand important information about phonics and fluency. This is important information for an educator wanting to pursue reading specialist training. By the end of this chapter, you should have a solid grasp of concepts including:
- Overview of phonics
- Basic phonics
- How to teach phonics
- Role of phonics
- Teaching strategies
- Decoding reading strategies
- Relationship between decoding and encoding
- Instructing word patterns
- Various approaches to literacy
- Tools for teaching fluency
- Factors that can influence fluency
- How fluency is used to improve reading skills
The lessons in this chapter are informative and short, giving you the chance to review the information quickly and efficiently. If you need further assistance or you have questions about a specific topic, you can ask our instructors for help. They are more than happy to assist you with any issues or concerns you might have about the material.
1. What is Phonics? - Definition & Overview
In this lesson, we explore phonics and the phonics-based system of teaching students to read and spell, as well as note the major difficulty with such a system.
2. Basic Phonics & Decoding Skills for Literacy
Learning to read and write requires a solid foundation of phonics and decoding skills. This lesson will define phonics and show how basic skills can help struggling readers.
3. Teaching Phonics: Sound-Spelling, Blending & Dictation
For many children, phonics instruction is the root of learning to read. In this lesson, you will discover the importance of sound-spelling, blending, and dictation in phonics instruction.
4. The Role of Phonics & Sight Words in Word Recognition
Teachers of young readers need to have strategies for teaching phonics and sight words in their tool bag. This lesson discusses the role of these two strategies in the development of word recognition and reading development.
5. Teaching Strategies for Phonics & Sight Words
Learning about phonics is a crucial aspect of learning to read and write. This lesson offers concrete strategies for teaching phonics and sight words.
6. Teaching Decoding Reading Strategies
Learning how to decode properly is a key aspect of learning to read. This lesson introduces you to some of the fundamentals of teaching children how to decode when reading.
7. The Relationship Between Decoding & Encoding in Phonics
Though not all children learn to read in the same way and at the same time, there are predictable relationships between some of their steps. This lesson will define decoding and encoding and detail their interplay in a developing reader.
8. Teaching Word Patterns as a Decoding Strategy
By engaging students in learning activities, such as sorting and word manipulation, students begin to see patterns in words. In this lesson, we will learn how to teach decoding skills through word patterns.
9. Explicit & Implicit Phonics Approaches to Literacy
Phonics are a fundamental part of learning to read well. But how should they be taught? In this lesson, we'll examine both explicit and implicit approaches to phonics instruction, including the pros and cons of each and example activities.
10. Strategies for Teaching Automaticity & Fluency
Learn why fluency is important to reading comprehension and what strategies the experts recommend to improve a reader's accuracy, speed, and rhythm. You'll find out the basics of repeated reading and other techniques for teaching fluency.
11. Factors That Influence Reading Fluency
Many things go into making a good reader, from word recognition to fluency. How does fluency factor in? This lesson defines and outlines the components of a fluent reader and shows how fluency changes in different situations.
12. Teaching Reading Fluency to Improve Reading Comprehension
Fluency is one of the key pillars of good reading instruction. This lesson will give you some ideas about teaching fluency and explain how fluency enhances reading comprehension.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Reading Specialist (5301): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading Assessment Techniques
- Evidence-Based Reading Instruction
- Oral Language Development in Children
- Teaching Phonemic & Phonological Awareness
- Concepts of Print
- Word Analysis & Vocabulary for Developing Readers
- Building Reading Comprehension & Literacy
- Reading Comprehension of Fiction & Poetry
- Reading Comprehension of Nonfiction Texts
- Writing Development
- Spelling, Grammar & Mechanics
- Research & Inquiry Tools for Reading Instruction
- Specialized Skills for the Reading Professional
- Leadership & Professional Development for Reading Specialists
- The Reading Education Community
- Praxis Reading Specialist Flashcards