About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Physical Fitness & Nutrition chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Physical fitness and activity||Importance and types of fitness, cardiorespiratory endurance, aerobic exercise, muscle strength, anaerobic exercise, flexibility; overload principle and specificity principle|
|Tuesday||Benefits and components of exercise||How regular physical activity can improve physical health, mental health, stress management and life span; components of aerobic, strength-training program and stretching programs|
|Wednesday||Creating energy and preventing injuries||Adenosine triphosphate, anaerobic metabolism, creatine phosphate, lactic acid and aerobic metabolism; prevention and treatment for sprains, strains and tendonitis, RICE method|
|Thursday||Nutrients for physical activity||Estimating an athlete's calorie needs; nutrition needs before, during and after competitions; staying well-nourished during training|
|Friday||Hydration and supplements||Importance of water during exercise; ergogenic aids, chromium picolinate, steroids, caffeine|
1. Components of Exercise Programs: Aerobics, Strength Training & Stretching
Ever wonder what stretching, strength training, and aerobic exercises are? You'll learn about them in this lesson. You'll also find out what some basic recommendations are for each type of exercise.
2. Foods to Optimize Athletic Performance Before, During & After Competition
Competitive athletes rely on good nutrition to give them an edge over their competition. Learn about carbohydrate loading as well as foods athletes use before, during and after competitions to enhance performance and endurance.
3. How Energy-Containing Molecules Support Physical Activity
Physical activity requires energy. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the form of energy your body likes to use. In order to keep enjoying your physical activity, your body must continually make ATP. Learn how this is done both with and without oxygen.
4. Nutrients and Calorie Needs in an Athlete's Training Diet
Whether you are a casual athlete or a competitive endurance athlete, your body needs the right amount and mix of nutrients to maximize performance. Learn about an athlete's calorie needs and overall nutrient requirements during training in this lesson.
5. Nutrients to Support Physical Activity
It is important to stay well-nourished with carbohydrates, protein, fats and various vitamins and minerals during physical activity. Learn about these nutrients that support physical activity as well as the benefits of water during active times.
6. Physical Activity: Health, Fitness and Performance
Physical activity is any movement of your muscles that uses energy. Physical activity helps you achieve better health, fitness and performance. Learn how the overload principle and specificity principle improve your fitness and performance.
7. Preventing & Treating Fitness Injuries
Injuries are a risk whenever you start a fitness program. Learn about ways to prevent common injuries, such as sprains and strains, as well as how to treat them using the RICE method, which stands for rest, ice, compress and elevate, in this lesson.
8. Staying Well Hydrated: The Importance of Fluids During Exercise
Staying well-hydrated during exercise will help prevent dehydration, as well as the heat-related illnesses: heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Learn how to hydrate with the right fluid and sodium balance to avoid hyponatremia in this lesson.
9. Supplements & Ergogenic Aids: Effects on Performance
Many supplements and ergogenic aids are marketed to enhance athletic performance. Some are beneficial, but others provide little benefit and may be a health risk. Learn about chromium picolinate, anabolic steroids, creatine, caffeine and carnitine in this lesson.
10. The Benefits of Regular Physical Activity: Mental Health, Stress & Life Span
The mind and body can greatly benefit from even 30 minutes of exercise a day. Find out exactly what impact regular exercise can have on your mind, body, and lifespan in this video lesson.
11. What is Physical Fitness? - Definition & Importance
Physical fitness is your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue. Learn about the components of physical fitness: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition and why they are important.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Nutrition 101 Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Introduction to Nutrition Lesson Plans
- Healthy Diet Planning Lesson Plans
- Carbohydrates in Nutrition Lesson Plans
- Lipids in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Protein's Role in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Water as a Nutrient: Lesson Plans
- Minerals in Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Symptoms of Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity: Lesson Plans
- How Vitamins Support Nutrition: Lesson Plans
- Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion Lesson Plans
- Nutrient Digestion, Absorption & Transport: Lesson Plans
- Biochemistry for Nutrition Lesson Plans
- Cell Anatomy & Metabolism Lesson Plans
- Excretion - Urination & Sweat: Lesson Plans
- Weight Management & Energy Needs: Lesson Plans
- Eating Disorders & Nutrition Risks Lesson Plans