Copyright

Ch 8: Help & Review for Chemical Reactions, Acids & Bases in Physical Science

About This Chapter

The Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions chapter of this High School Physical Science Help and Review course is the simplest way to master acids, bases and chemical reactions. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of acids, bases and chemical reactions.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school physical science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school physical science. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding and describing types of reactions or working with other acids, bases and chemical reactions topics
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about acids, bases and chemical reactions
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any acids, bases and chemical reactions question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in an acids, bases and chemical reactions unit of a standard high school physical science course. Topics covered include:

  • Synthesis reactions and decomposition
  • The definition of acids and bases according to the Arrhenius theory
  • Acids and bases according to the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions
  • Acid-base reactions and neutralization
  • Auto-ionization of water and the dissociation constant
  • The pH scale
  • Buffers, weak acids and weak bases
  • Coordination chemistry
  • Precipitation reactions
  • Oxidation numbers assigned to elements in a chemical formula
  • Balance of redox reactions and identification of oxidizing and reducing agents
  • Prediction of products for single displacement reactions
  • Electrochemistry and electrochemical cells
  • Anode and cathode half-cell reactions
  • Balance of combustion reactions

16 Lessons in Chapter 8: Help & Review for Chemical Reactions, Acids & Bases in Physical Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

Elements and compounds multiply and new compounds form through the processes of decomposition and synthesis reactions. Learn about these reactions, understand how they occur, and explore their equations.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

The Arrhenius definition of acids and bases is based on compounds that produce either hydrogen ions or hydroxide ions respectively in a solution. Discover the differences between Arrhenius acids and Arrhenius bases and between strong and weak acids and bases.

The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

3. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

Chemist Johannes Bronsted and scientist Thomas Lowry proposed that an acid should be defined as a substance that can donate a proton, while a base is any substance that can accept protons. American chemist G.N. Lewis proposed a different theory. Learn about three popular scientific definitions of acids and bases.

Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

4. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

Ions and molecules may experience neutralization and acid-base reactions. Learn about these processes and the Bronsted-Lowry definition of conjugate acid and conjugate base, and explore the definitions of amphoteric and neutral as they pertain to pH.

Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

5. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

The autoionization constant is used to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution. Explore autoionization of water, the Kw constant, and how to determine concentrations of ions.

The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

6. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

In chemistry, the pH scale is used to measure acidity on a scale of 0-6 for acids, 7 for neutral, and 8-14 to represent basic. Take an in-depth look into calculating the pH of a solution, and explore the role of hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations in this process.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

7. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

Hydrogen ions, given away by acids, can be strong or weak acids. Learn more about weak acids, weak bases, buffers, conjugate acid bases, and the roles of acidity constant and pKa.

Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

8. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

Coordination chemistry studies compounds with central atoms that are surrounded by ligands. Explore coordination chemistry and learn about bonding in coordinated compounds, and recognizing the shapes of coordinated compounds.

Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

9. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

A precipitation reaction is a process during which two reactants form a precipitate. Discover what precipitates are, and learn about the solubility rules, net ionic equations, and examples of net ionic equations and their role in predicting precipitates.

Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

10. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

Oxidation is an important part of chemical reactions. Learn about oxidation, as well as oxidation number rules, and assign oxidation numbers to elements in a chemical formula, including neutral compounds and ions.

Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

11. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

A redox reaction is a chemical reaction that involves a transfer of electrons and changes in oxidation number. Learn about redox reactions, and identify oxidizing and reducing agents, and explore the process to write and balance a redox reaction equation.

The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

12. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

A single displacement reaction is when an element in a compound is replaced by a similar element. An activity series is an organized list that describes how each element reacts with other elements. Learn about single displacement reactions, activity series, and how to use an activity series table to predict the products of single displacement reactions.

Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

13. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

Electrochemical cells are part of electrochemistry. Explore the parts of an electrochemical cell, the definition of an electrochemical cell diagram, the functions of the anode and the cathode, and how to make a homemade battery.

Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

14. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

Electrochemical reactions are comprised of two half-reactions, anode electrode & cathode electrode, that are added together to produce the full cell reaction. Learn about electrode half-reactions, corrosion, and how to use half-reaction formulas to calculate cell voltage potential.

Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

15. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

A combustion reaction occurs when a substance reacts with oxygen and releases a large quantity of energy in light and heat form. Learn how to write and balance equations for combustion reactions.

Corrosive: Definition & Examples

16. Corrosive: Definition & Examples

Corrosives are usually strong acids or bases and exist in almost every workplace and home. Learn more about the definition, examples, hazards, and safety measures related to corrosives.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken
More Exams
There are even more practice exams available in Help & Review for Chemical Reactions, Acids & Bases in Physical Science.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Help and Review course

Support